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The California Planet Survey. III. A Possible 2:1 Resonance in the Exoplanetary Triple System HD 37124

Wright, J. T. and Veras, Dimitri and Ford, Eric B. and Johnson, John Asher and Marcy, G. W. and Howard, A. W. and Isaacson, H. and Fischer, D. A. and Spronck, J. and Anderson, J. and Valenti, J. (2011) The California Planet Survey. III. A Possible 2:1 Resonance in the Exoplanetary Triple System HD 37124. Astrophysical Journal, 730 (2). Art. No. 93. ISSN 0004-637X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110419-111123481

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Abstract

We present new radial velocities from Keck Observatory and both Newtonian and Keplerian solutions for the triple-planet system orbiting HD 37124. The orbital solution for this system has improved dramatically since the third planet was first reported in Vogt et al. with an ambiguous orbital period. The period ambiguity is resolved, and the outer two planets have an apparent period commensurability of 2:1. A dynamical analysis finds both resonant and non-resonant configurations consistent with the radial velocity data and constrains the mutual inclinations of the planets to be <~30°. We discuss HD 37124 in the context of the other 19 exoplanetary systems with apparent period commensurabilities, which we summarize in a table. We show that roughly one in three well-characterized multiplanet systems has a apparent low-order period commensurability, which is more than would naïvely be expected if the periods of exoplanets in known multiplanet systems were drawn randomly from the observed distribution of planetary orbital periods.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/730/2/93DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/730/2/93/PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wright, J. T.0000-0001-6160-5888
Marcy, G. W.0000-0002-2909-0113
Howard, A. W.0000-0001-8638-0320
Isaacson, H.0000-0002-0531-1073
Additional Information:© 2011 American Astronomical Society. Received 2010 August 22; accepted 2011 January 5; published 2011 March 9. Based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated jointly by the University of California and the California Institute of Technology. The Keck Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. We thank the referee, Daniel Fabrycky, for his constructive and thorough review, which significantly improved this manuscript. J.T.W. received support from NASA Origins of Solar Systems grant NNX10AI52G. D.V. and E.B.F. were partially supported by NASA Origins of Solar Systems grant NNX09AB35G. A.W.H. gratefully acknowledges support from a Townes Postdoctoral Fellowship at the UC Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory. This work was partially supported by funding from the Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds, which is supported by the Pennsylvania State University, the Eberly College of Science, and the Pennsylvania Space Grant Consortium. The work herein is based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated jointly by the University of California and the California Institute of Technology. The Keck Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. We recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community.We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. The authors acknowledge the University of Florida High- Performance Computing Center for providing computational resources and support that have contributed to the results reported within this paper. This research has made use of NASA’s Astrophysics Data System and the Exoplanet Orbit Database at exoplanets.org. Facility: Keck: I
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck Foundation UNSPECIFIED
NASANNX10AI52G
NASANNX09AB35G
UC Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory Townes Postdoctoral Fellowship UNSPECIFIED
Center for Exoplanets and Habitable WorldsUNSPECIFIED
Pennsylvania Space Grant ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
University of FloridaUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:planetary systems – stars: individual (HD 37124)
Classification Code:PACS: 95.80.+p, 97.10.Wn, 97.20.Jg, 97.82.-j, 95.85.Kr
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110419-111123481
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110419-111123481
Official Citation:J. T. Wright et al. 2011 ApJ 730 93 doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/730/2/93
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:23380
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:19 Apr 2011 18:37
Last Modified:16 Nov 2017 17:41

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