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Effects of Crust Ingestion on Mixer Pump Performance in Tank

Meyer, P. A. and Stewart, C. W. and Brennen, C. E. (1999) Effects of Crust Ingestion on Mixer Pump Performance in Tank. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory , Richland, Washington, USA.

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In August 1999, a workshop was held at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to discuss the effects of crust ingestion on mixer pump performance in Hanford Waste Tank 241-SY-101. The main purpose of the workshop was to evaluate the potential for crust ingestion to degrade mixing and/or damage the mixer pump. The need for a previously determined 12-inch separation between the top of the mixer pump inlet and the crust base was evaluated. Participants included a representative from the pump manufacturer, an internationally known expert in centrifugal pump theory, Hanford scientists and engineers, and operational specialists representing relevant fields of expertise. The workshop focused on developing an understanding of the pump design, addressing the physics of entrainment of solids and gases into the pump, and assessing the effects of solids and gases on pump performance. The major conclusions are summarized as follows: * Entrainment of a moderate amount of solids or gas from the crust should not damage the pump or reduce its lifetime, though mixing effectiveness will be somewhat reduced. * Air binding should not damage the pump. Vibration due to ingestion of gas, solids, and objects potentially could cause radial loads that might reduce the lifetime of bearings and seals. However, significant damage would require extreme conditions not associated with the small bubbles, fine solids, and chunks of relatively weak material typical of the crust. * The inlet duct extension opening, 235 inches from the tank bottom, should be considered the pump inlet, not the small gap at 262 inches. * A suction vortex exists at the inlet of all pumps. The characteristics of the inlet suction vortex in the mixer pump are very hard to predict, but its effects likely extend upward several feet. Because of this, the current 12-inch limit should be replaced with criteria based on actual monitored pump performance. The most obvious criterion (in addition to current operational constraints) is to monitor discharge pressure and cease pump operation if it falls below a predetermined amount. * There are no critically necessary tests to prove pump operability or performance before initiating the transfer and back-dilution sequence.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
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Additional Information:Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:MEYpnnl99
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:235
Deposited By: Christopher Brennen
Deposited On:15 Dec 2004
Last Modified:02 Oct 2019 22:31

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