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Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization

Yun, Kyongsik and Chung, Dongil and Jang, Bosun and Kim, Jin Ho and Jeong, Jaeseung (2011) Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization. PLoS ONE, 6 (4). Art. No. e18224 . ISSN 1932-6203. PMCID PMC3070719.

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Many mathematically gifted adolescents are characterized as being indolent, underachieving and unsuccessful despite their high cognitive ability. This is often due to difficulties with social and emotional development. However, research on social and emotional interactions in gifted adolescents has been limited. The purpose of this study was to observe differences in complex social strategic behaviors between gifted and average adolescents of the same age using the repeated Ultimatum Game. Twenty-two gifted adolescents and 24 average adolescents participated in the Ultimatum Game. Two adolescents participate in the game, one as a proposer and the other as a responder. Because of its simplicity, the Ultimatum Game is an apt tool for investigating complex human emotional and cognitive decision-making in an empirical setting. We observed strategic but socially impaired offers from gifted proposers and lower acceptance rates from gifted responders, resulting in lower total earnings in the Ultimatum Game. Thus, our results indicate that mathematically gifted adolescents have deficiencies in social valuation and mentalization.

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URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle CentralArticle
Yun, Kyongsik0000-0002-6103-7187
Additional Information:© 2011 Yun et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Received November 21, 2010; Accepted February 24, 2011; Published April 4, 2011. Editor: Sam Gilbert, University College London, United Kingdom. Funding: This work was supported by the Undergraduate Research Program, Korea Advanced Institute of Technology. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Author Contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: KY DC JJ. Performed the experiments: KY DC BJ JHK. Analyzed the data: KY BJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KY DC BJ JHK. Wrote the paper: KY DC BJ JJ JHK.
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Korea Advanced Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:4
PubMed Central ID:PMC3070719
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110429-110043851
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Official Citation:Yun K, Chung D, Jang B, Kim JH, Jeong J (2011) Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Have Deficiencies in Social Valuation and Mentalization. PLoS ONE 6(4): e18224. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018224
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:23505
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Apr 2011 18:58
Last Modified:03 Aug 2020 22:37

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