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Effects of vertical vibration on hopper flows of granular material

Wassgren, Carl R. and Hunt, Melany L. and Brennen, Christopher E. (1997) Effects of vertical vibration on hopper flows of granular material. In: Mechanics of deformation and flow of particulate materials : proceedings of a symposium, Evanston, Illinois, June 29-July 2, 1997. American Society of Civil Engineers , New York, pp. 335-348. ISBN 0784402515.

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This paper examines the flow of granular material through a wedge-shaped hopper subject to vertical, sinusoidal oscillations. Experiments and discrete element computer simulations were conducted to investigate particle trajectories within and mass discharge rates from the hopper. With the hopper exit closed, side wall convection cells are observed in both the experiments and simulations. The convection cells are oriented such that particles move up along the inclined walls of the hopper and down along the centerline. Results from the computer simulation indicate that the convection cells are a result of the dilation of the granular bed during free fall and interaction with hopper walls. Measurements of the mean mass discharge rate for various vibration parameters were also made in both the experiments and simulations. The ratio of the mass discharge rate for a vibrating hopper to the mass discharge rate for a non-vibrating hopper scales with the oscillation velocity amplitude and exhibits a maximum value just greater than one for oscillation velocity amplitudes less than 0.5. The ratio is less than one for larger velocity amplitudes. A simple model taking into account the change in the effective gravity acting on the granular material over an oscillation cycle is examined. A significant deficiency in the model is that is assumes no material discharges from the hopper during part of each oscillation cycle for acceleration amplitudes greater than gravitational acceleration. Data from the simulations indicate that although the discharge rate from the hopper varies throughout an oscillation cycle, it never equals zero. The simulation was also used to examine particle horizontal position and velocity profiles at the hopper exit. Lastly, preliminary observations of the effects of localized vibration on a granular material in a closed hopper are presented.

Item Type:Book Section
Hunt, Melany L.0000-0001-5592-2334
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:WASmdfpm97
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:236
Deposited By: Christopher Brennen
Deposited On:07 Jan 2005
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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