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Eclipsing Binary Science via the Merging of Transit and Doppler Exoplanet Survey Data—A Case Study with the MARVELS Pilot Project and SuperWASP

Fleming, Scott W. and van Eyken, Julian C. and Crepp, Justin R. and Kane, Stephen R. (2011) Eclipsing Binary Science via the Merging of Transit and Doppler Exoplanet Survey Data—A Case Study with the MARVELS Pilot Project and SuperWASP. Astronomical Journal, 142 (2). Art. No. 50. ISSN 0004-6256.

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Exoplanet transit and Doppler surveys discover many binary stars during their operation that can be used to conduct a variety of ancillary science. Specifically, eclipsing binary stars can be used to study the stellar mass-radius relationship and to test predictions of theoretical stellar evolution models. By cross-referencing 24 binary stars found in the MARVELS Pilot Project with SuperWASP photometry, we find two new eclipsing binaries, TYC 0272-00458-1 and TYC 1422-01328-1, which we use as case studies to develop a general approach to eclipsing binaries in survey data. TYC 0272-00458-1 is a single-lined spectroscopic binary for which we calculate a mass of the secondary and radii for both components using reasonable constraints on the primary mass through several different techniques. For a primary mass of M_1 = 0.92 ± 0.1 M_☉, we find M_2 = 0.610 ± 0.036 M_☉, R_1 = 0.932 ± 0.076 R_☉, and R_2 = 0.559 ± 0.102 R_☉, and find that both stars have masses and radii consistent with model predictions. TYC 1422-01328-1 is a triple-component system for which we can directly measure the masses and radii of the eclipsing pair. We find that the eclipsing pair consists of an evolved primary star (M_1 = 1.163 ± 0.034 M_☉, R_1 = 2.063 ± 0.058 R_☉) and a G-type dwarf secondary (M_2 = 0.905 ± 0.067 M_☉, R_2 = 0.887 ± 0.037 R_☉). We provide the framework necessary to apply this analysis to much larger data sets.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Fleming, Scott W.0000-0003-0556-027X
van Eyken, Julian C.0000-0003-2192-5371
Crepp, Justin R.0000-0003-0800-0593
Kane, Stephen R.0000-0002-7084-0529
Additional Information:© 2011 American Astronomical Society. Received 2010 October 27; accepted 2011 May 11; published 2011 July 7. We thank Roger Cohen for useful discussions on theoretical isochrones. L.G. thanks Dr. Simone Daflon and Dr. Herman Hensberge for the helpful discussions. L.G. acknowledges financial support provided by the PAPDRJ–CAPES/FAPERJ Fellowship. L. Dutra-Ferreira acknowledges financial support provided by CAPES fellowship. G.F.P.M. acknowledges financial support from CNPq grant nos. 476909/2006-6 and 474972/2009-7, plus a FAPERJ grant no. APQ1/26/170.687/ 2004. Funding for the multi-object Doppler instrument was provided by the W. M. Keck Foundation. The pilot survey was funded by NSF with grant AST-0705139, NASA with grant NNX07AP14G and the University of Florida. The SuperWASP Consortium consists of astronomers primarily from the Queen’s University Belfast, St. Andrews, Keele, Leicester, The Open University, Isaac Newton Group La Palma, and Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. The SuperWASP Cameras were constructed and operated with funds made available from Consortium Universities and the UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. Based on observations with the SDSS 2.5 m telescope. Funding for the SDSS and SDSS-II has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, the Max Planck Society, and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. The SDSS Web site is The SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions. The Participating Institutions are the American Museum of Natural History, Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, University of Basel, University of Cambridge, Case Western Reserve University, University of Chicago, Drexel University, Fermilab, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Japan Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, the Korean Scientist Group, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (LAMOST), Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), the Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics (MPA), New Mexico State University, Ohio State University, University of Pittsburgh, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the United States Naval Observatory, and the University of Washington. This work is based on observations obtained with the Apache Point Observatory 3.5m telescope, which is owned and operated by the Astrophysical Research Consortium. This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. The Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds is supported by the Pennsylvania State University, the Eberly College of Science, and the Pennsylvania Space Grant Consortium. This work was conducted in part using the resources of the Advanced Computing Center for Research and Education at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)UNSPECIFIED
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)476909/2006-6
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)474972/2009-7
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)APQ1/26/170.687/ 2004
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
University of FloridaUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:binaries: eclipsing; binaries: spectroscopic
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:PACS: 97.80.Hn; 97.82.-j; 97.10.Pg; 97.10.Nf; 97.20.Jg; 97.10.Wn
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110808-100456183
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Eclipsing Binary Science via the Merging of Transit and Doppler Exoplanet Survey Data—A Case Study with the MARVELS Pilot Project and SuperWASP Scott W. Fleming et al. 2011 The Astronomical Journal 142 50
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:24726
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:08 Aug 2011 18:32
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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