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Impact of a large wildfire on water-soluble organic aerosol in a major urban area: the 2009 Station Fire in Los Angeles County

Wonaschütz, A. and Hersey, S. P. and Sorooshian, A. and Craven, J. S. and Metcalf, A. R. and Flagan, R. C. and Seinfeld, J. H. (2011) Impact of a large wildfire on water-soluble organic aerosol in a major urban area: the 2009 Station Fire in Los Angeles County. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11 (16). pp. 8257-8270. ISSN 1680-7316. doi:10.5194/acp-11-8257-2011.

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This study examines the nature of water-soluble organic aerosol measured in Pasadena, CA, under typical conditions and under the influence of a large wildfire (the 2009 Station Fire). During non-fire periods, water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) variability was driven by photochemical production processes and sea breeze transport, resulting in an average diurnal cycle with a maximum at 15:00 local time (up to 4.9 μg C m^(−3)). During the Station Fire, primary production was a key formation mechanism for WSOC. High concentrations of WSOC (up to 41 μg C m^(−3)) in smoke plumes advected to the site in the morning hours were tightly correlated with nitrate and chloride, numerous aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) organic mass spectral markers, and total non-refractory organic mass. Processed residual smoke was transported to the measurement site by the sea breeze later in the day, leading to higher afternoon WSOC levels than on non-fire days. Parameters representing higher degrees of oxidation of organics, including the ratios of the organic metrics m/z 44:m/z 57 and m/z 44:m/z 43, were elevated in those air masses. Intercomparisons of relative amounts of WSOC, organics, m/z 44, and m/z 43 show that the fraction of WSOC comprising acid-oxygenates increased as a function of photochemical aging owing to the conversion of aliphatic and non-acid oxygenated organics to more acid-like organics. The contribution of water-soluble organic species to the organic mass budget (10th–90th percentile values) ranged between 27 %–72 % and 27 %–68 % during fire and non-fire periods, respectively. The seasonal incidence of wildfires in the Los Angeles Basin greatly enhances the importance of water-soluble organics, which has implications for the radiative and hygroscopic properties of the regional aerosol.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Sorooshian, A.0000-0002-2243-2264
Metcalf, A. R.0000-0003-0385-1356
Flagan, R. C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, J. H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 2011 Author(s). This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union. Received: 13 April 2011. Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 27 April 2011. Revised: 24 June 2011. Accepted: 2 August 2011. Published: 15 August 2011. This work was supported by the Electric Power Research Institute. The authors gratefully acknowledge the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for provision of the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model. We thank the governmental agencies, commercial firms, and educational institutions participating in MesoWest for providing the meteorological station data and the California EPA Air Resources Board for the access to the measurements of gaseous pollutants. We also acknowledge NASA for the production of the data used in this research effort. Edited by: A. Nenes
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:16
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110922-143220228
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:25409
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:22 Sep 2011 21:54
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 16:33

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