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The Hyperactive L Dwarf 2MASS J13153094–2649513: Continued Emission and a Brown Dwarf Companion

Burgasser, Adam J. and Sitarski, Breann N. and Gelino, Christopher R. and Logsdon, Sarah E. and Perrin, Marshall D. (2011) The Hyperactive L Dwarf 2MASS J13153094–2649513: Continued Emission and a Brown Dwarf Companion. Astrophysical Journal, 739 (1). Art. No. 49. ISSN 0004-637X.

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We report new observations of the unusually active, high proper motion L5e dwarf 2MASS J13153094–2649513. Optical spectroscopy with Magellan/MagE reveals persistent nonthermal emission, with narrow H I Balmer, Na I and K I lines all observed in emission. Low-resolution near-infrared spectroscopy with the Infrared Telescope Facility/SpeX Spectrograph indicates the presence of a low-temperature companion, which is resolved through multi-epoch laser guide star adaptive optics imaging at the W. M. Keck Observatory. The co-moving companion is separated by 338 ± 4 mas, and its relative brightness (ΔK_s = 5.09 ± 0.10) makes this system the second-most-extreme flux ratio very-low-mass binary identified to date. Resolved near-infrared spectroscopy with Keck/OSIRIS identifies the companion as a T7 dwarf. The absence of Li I absorption in combined-light optical spectroscopy constrains the system age to ≳0.8-1.0 Gyr, while the system's kinematics and unusually low mass ratio (M_2/M_1 = 0.3-0.6) suggest that it is even older. A coevality test of the components also indicates an older age, but reveals discrepancies between evolutionary and atmosphere model fits of the secondary, which are likely attributable to poor reproduction of its near-infrared spectrum. With a projected separation of 6.6 ± 0.9 AU, the 2MASS J1315–2649 system is too widely separated for mass exchange or magnetospheric interactions to be powering its persistent nonthermal emission. Rather, the emission is probably chromospheric in nature, consistent with an inversion in the age-activity relation in which strong magnetic fields are maintained by relatively old and massive ultracool dwarfs.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Burgasser, Adam J.0000-0002-6523-9536
Logsdon, Sarah E.0000-0002-9632-9382
Perrin, Marshall D.0000-0002-3191-8151
Additional Information:© 2011 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2011 May 11; accepted 2011 July 6; published 2011 September 6. Data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation; and with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopes located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. The authors thank Paul Sears and John Rayner at IRTF, Al Conrad, Heather Hersley, and Marc Kassis at Keck, and Sergio Vera and David Osip at Las Campanas for their assistance in the observations reported here. Thanks also go to Shelley Wright for her help with the OSIRIS data reduction, and our anonymous referee for a careful and timely critique. This publication makes use of data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. 2MASS data were obtained from the NASA/IPAC Infrared Science Archive, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France; the Very-Low-Mass Binaries Archive housed at and maintained by Nick Siegler, Chris Gelino, and Adam Burgasser; the SpeX Prism Spectral Libraries, maintained by Adam Burgasser at; and the M, L, and T dwarf compendium housed at and maintained by Chris Gelino, Davy Kirkpatrick, and Adam Burgasser. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. Facilities: IRTF (SpeX);Keck:II (NIRC2,OSIRIS,LGSAO); Magellan:Clay (MagE)
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:binaries: visual; brown dwarfs; stars: chromospheres; stars: individual (2MASS J13153094–2649513); stars: low-mass; stars: magnetic fields
Issue or Number:1
Classification Code:PACS: 95.75.Qr; 97.20.Vs; 97.10.Me; 97.10.Wn; 98.10.+z; 97.10.Ri
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20111003-114807267
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The Hyperactive L Dwarf 2MASS J13153094–2649513: Continued Emission and a Brown Dwarf Companion Adam J. Burgasser et al. 2011 ApJ 739 49
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:25525
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:04 Oct 2011 14:59
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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