A Caltech Library Service

Reactor-based neutrino oscillation experiments

Bemporad, Carlo and Gratta, Giorgio and Vogel, Petr (2002) Reactor-based neutrino oscillation experiments. Reviews of Modern Physics, 74 (2). pp. 297-328. ISSN 0034-6861. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.74.297.

See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The status of neutrino oscillation searches employing nuclear reactors as sources is reviewed. This technique, a direct continuation of the experiments that proved the existence of neutrinos, is today an essential tool in investigating the indications of oscillations found in studying neutrinos produced in the sun and in the earth’s atmosphere. The low energy of the reactor ν̅e makes them ideal for exploring oscillations with small mass differences and relatively large mixing angles. In the last several years the determination of the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum has reached a high degree of accuracy. Hence measurements of these quantities at a given distance L can be readily compared with the expectation at L=0, thus testing the disappearance of ν̅e. Two recent experiments, CHOOZ and PALO VERDE, with baselines of about 1 km and sensitive to the neutrino mass differences associated with the atmospheric neutrino anomaly have collected data and published results recently. An ambitious project with a baseline of more than 100 km, KAMLAND, has now began to take data. This last reactor experiment will have a sensitivity sufficient to explore part of the oscillation phase space relevant to solar neutrino scenarios. It is the only envisioned experiment with a terrestrial source of neutrinos capable of addressing the solar neutrino puzzle.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Vogel, Petr0000-0003-0587-5466
Additional Information:©2002 The American Physical Society Published 18 March 2002 We would like to thank our colleagues from CHOOZ, KAMLAND, and PALO VERDE for the many discussions and help received in understanding the material discussed. This work was supported in part by the US Department of Energy and by the Italian Istituto Nationale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN).
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:BEMrmp02
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2570
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:10 Apr 2006
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 19:49

Repository Staff Only: item control page