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Dispersion in hydrologic and coastal environments

Brooks, Norman H. (1972) Dispersion in hydrologic and coastal environments. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished)

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This report summarizes the results of a five-year laboratory research project on various flow phenomena of importance to transport and dispersion of pollutants in hydrologic and coastal environments. The results are useful in two general ways: first, to facilitate the prediction of ambient water quality from effluent characteristics in various water environments; and secondly, to provide the basis for design of systems (like outfalls) required to meet given ambient water quality requirements. The results for buoyant jets may be used for the design of waste-water outfalls in oceans, reservoirs, lakes, and large estuaries. Particular emphasis is given to line sources (or slot jets) which represent long multiple-outlet diffusers, which are necessary for all large discharges to get high dilutions. For reservoirs which are density stratified, the results include formulations for prediction of selective withdrawal, and a simulation procedure for predicting reservoir mixing by systems which pump water from one level to the other. For application to rivers and estuaries, laboratory flume experiments were made to measure transverse mixing of buoyant or heavy tracer flows, as well as for neutral-density flows. Abstracts for all publications and reports resulting from the project are given as an appendix to the report.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:The writer wishes to acknowledge with appreciation the support of this broad long-term grant by the EPA (and predecessor agencies) under Grant No. 16070 DGY, for which Mr. Richard Callaway served as EPA Program Officer. The contributions of all the other research collaborators whose names appear as authors on the publication list in Section XII were essential to the success of this project. To them I express my special gratitude for their capable work which made the project possible. Staff assistance in the Keck Laboratory is acknowledged in each of the individual publications as appropriate; however, the writer wishes to express special thanks to Mrs. Pat Rankin for typing this report and preparing it for publication.
Group:W. M. Keck Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Resources
Record Number:CaltechKHR:KH-R-29
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Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26005
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechKHR
Deposited On:21 Dec 2009
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 03:10

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