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Microcellular Systems, Random Walks, and Wave Propagation

Franceschetti, Massimo and Bruck, Jehoshua and Schulman, Leonard J. (2002) Microcellular Systems, Random Walks, and Wave Propagation. California Institute of Technology . (Unpublished)

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As the number of users of wireless services increases, the concept of using smaller cell sizes becomes especially attractive because of its potential for capacity increase. Current technology allows to build base stations for small cells in a cost effective way, and telecommunication companies have started exploiting the new microcellular concept in providing coverage to densely populated areas. Prediction of propagation characteristics in this new scenario is essential for accurate link budget calculations in network planning. In this paper a new, simple model of wave propagation for microcellular systems is applied to predict the path loss of a wireless channel. The model does not rely on the classical theory of electromagnetic wave propagation, but it is entirely based on probability theory. We consider the canonical scenario of a random environment of partially absorbing scatterers and model the trajectory of each photon in the system as a random walk. This model leads to a path loss formula that rather accurately (in comparison to other models and experimental data) describes the smooth transition of power attenuation from an inverse square law with the distance to the transmitter to an exponential attenuation as this distance is increased. This result can justify empirical formulas that are often used for path loss prediction, characterized by a breakpoint distance at which the exponent of a power law is increased from a value of approximately 2 to a value in the range of 4 to 10. Theoretical predictions of the model are validated by showing agreement with experimental data collected in the city of Rome, Italy.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Bruck, Jehoshua0000-0001-8474-0812
Schulman, Leonard J.0000-0001-9901-2797
Group:Parallel and Distributed Systems Group
Record Number:CaltechPARADISE:2002.ETR045
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26031
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechPARADISE
Deposited On:30 Aug 2002
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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