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Earthquake response of building-foundation systems

Bielak, Jacobo (1971) Earthquake response of building-foundation systems. EERL Report, 71-04. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished)

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The influence of a deformable foundation on the response of buildings to earthquake motion is examined. The study is divided into two parts; the vibration of the base of the building on the foundation medium, and the response of the whole building-foundation system. Studied first are the forced horizontal, rocking and vertical harmonic oscillations of a rigid disc bonded to an elastic half-space, which is considered as a mathematical model for the soil. The problem, formulated in terms of dual integral equations, is reduced to a system of Fredholm integral equations of the second kind. For the limiting static case these equations yield a closed form solution in agreement with that obtained by others. Using the force-deflection relations for the base, the equations of motion of linear building-foundation systems are solved by both direct and transform methods. It is shown that, under assumptions which appear to be physically reasonable, the earthquake response of the interaction system reduces to the linear superposition of the responses of damped, linear one-degree-of-freedom oscillators subjected to modified excitations. This result is valid even for systems that do not possess classical normal modes. Explicit approximations in terms of the parameters of the system are obtained for the dynamic properties of the one-degree-of -freedom oscillator which is equivalent to a single story building -foundation system. For multi-story buildings it is shown that the effect of an elastic foundation, as measured by the change in the natural frequencies of the building, is negligible for modes higher than the first for many types of building structures.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
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URLURL TypeDescription published as author's PhD thesis
Additional Information:PhD, 1971: PB 205 305
Group:Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory
Series Name:EERL Report
Issue or Number:71-04
Record Number:CaltechEERL:1971.EERL-71-04
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Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26407
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechEERL
Deposited On:16 Nov 2001
Last Modified:13 Aug 2021 19:05

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