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Application of plasticity theory to soil behavior : a new sand model

Bardet, Jean-Pierre (1983) Application of plasticity theory to soil behavior : a new sand model. California Institute of Technology . (Unpublished)

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The representation of rheological soil behavior by constitutive equations is a now branch of soil mechanics which has been expanding for 30 years. Based on continuum mechanics, numerical methods (finite elements) and experimental techniques, this now discipline allows practicing engineers to solve complex geotechnical problems. Although all soils are constituted of discrete mineral particles, forces and displacements within them are represented by continuous stresses and strains. Most stress-strain relationships, which describe the soil behavior, are derived from plasticity theory. Originated for metals, the conventional plasticity is presented and illustrated simultaneously with a metal and a soil model. Each plasticity concept may be criticized when applied to soil. A recent theory, called "bounding surface plasticity," generalizes the conventional plasticity and describes more accurately the cyclic responses of metals and clays. This new theory is first presented and linked with the conventional plasticity, then applied to a new material, sand. Step by step a new sand model is constructed, mainly from data analysis with an interactive computer code. In its present development, only monotonic loading s are investigated. In order to verify the model ability to describe sand responses, isotropic, drained and undrained tests on the dense Sacramento River sand are simulated numerically and compared with real test results and predictions with another model. Finally the new constitutive equation, which was formulated in the p-q space for axisymmetric loadings, is generalized in the six-dimensional stress state with the assumption of isotropy and a particular Lode's angle contribution. This new model is ready to be used in finite element codes to represent a sand behavior.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:PhD, 1984
Group:Soil Mechanics Laboratory
Record Number:CaltechEERL:1983.SML-83-01
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26516
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechEERL
Deposited On:09 Jul 2002
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 03:15

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