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Closed-Form Expressions for Irradiance from Non-Uniform Lambertian Luminaires Part I: Linearly-Varying Radiant Exitance

Chen, Min and Arvo, James (2000) Closed-Form Expressions for Irradiance from Non-Uniform Lambertian Luminaires Part I: Linearly-Varying Radiant Exitance. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished)

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We present a closed-form expression for the irradiance at a point on a surface due to an arbitrary polygonal Lambertian lurninaire with linearly-varying radiant exitance. The solution consists of elementary functions and a single well-behaved special function that can be either approximated directly or computed exactly in terms of classical special functions such as Clausen's integral or the closely related dilogarithm. We first provide a general boundary integral that applies to all planar luminaires and then derive the closed-form expression that applies to arbitrary polygons, which is the result most relevant for global illumination. Our approach is to express the problem as an integral of a simple class of rational functions over regions of the sphere, and to convert the surface integral to a boundary integral using a generalization of irradiance tensors. The result extends the class of available closed-form expressions for computing direct radiative transfer from finite areas to differential areas. We provide an outline of the derivation, a detailed proof of the resulting formula, and complete pseudo-code of the resulting algorithm. Finally, we demonstrate the validity of our algorithm by comparison with Monte Carlo. While there are direct applications of this work, it is primarily of theoretical interest as it introduces much of the machinery needed to derive closed-form solutions for the general case of luminaires with radiance distributions that vary polynomially in both position and direction.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:© 2000 California Institute of Technology. This work was supported by a Microsoft Research Fellowship and NSF Career Award CCR9876332.
Group:Computer Science Technical Reports
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Microsoft ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Illumination, Rendering, Radiosity, Solid Angle, Irradiance, Monte Carlo
Record Number:CaltechCSTR:2000.cs-tr-00-01
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Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26822
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechCSTR
Deposited On:25 Apr 2001
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 03:18

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