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Suppression and spatial variation of early galaxies and minihaloes

Tseliakhovich, Dmitriy and Barkana, Rennan and Hirata, Christopher M. (2011) Suppression and spatial variation of early galaxies and minihaloes. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 418 (2). pp. 906-915. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We study the effect of the relative velocity of dark matter and baryonic fluids after the epoch of recombination on the evolution of the first bound objects in the early Universe. Recent work has shown that, although the relative motion of the two fluids is formally a second-order effect in density, it has a dramatic impact on the formation and distribution of the first cosmic structures. Focusing on the gas content, we analyse the effect of relative velocity on the properties of haloes over a wide range of halo masses and redshifts. We accurately calculate the linear evolution of the baryon and dark matter fluctuations, and quantify the resulting effect on haloes based on an analytical formalism that has been carefully checked with simulations in the case with no relative velocity. We estimate the effect on the abundance of early haloes and the gas fraction in them. We find that the relative velocity effect causes several changes: (i) the characteristic mass that divides gas-rich and gas-poor haloes is increased by roughly an order of magnitude, from 2 × 10^4 to about 2 × 10^5 M_⊙; (ii) this characteristic mass has a large scatter (full width at half-maximum ∼1.5 × 10^5 M_⊙ at z= 20); (iii) the fraction of baryons in star-less minihaloes is suppressed by a factor of 3.3 at z= 20; (iv) the fraction of baryons in haloes that can cool and form stars is suppressed by a factor of 1.5 at z= 20; and (v) there are enhanced spatial variations of these various fractions.

Item Type:Article
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Hirata, Christopher M.0000-0002-2951-4932
Additional Information:© 2011 The Authors. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2011 RAS. Accepted 2011 July 28. Received 2011 July 21; in original form 2010 December 12. DT and CMH are supported by the US Department of Energy (DE-FG03-92-ER40701) and the National Science Foundation (AST-0807337). CMH is also supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. RB is supported by Israel Science Foundation grant 823/09.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG03-92-ER40701
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Israel Science Foundation823/09
Subject Keywords:dark ages, reionization, first stars; large-scale structure of Universe.
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120217-112414102
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Official Citation:Tseliakhovich, D., Barkana, R. and Hirata, C. M. (2011), Suppression and spatial variation of early galaxies and minihaloes. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 418: 906–915. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19541.x
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:29364
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:17 Feb 2012 19:36
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 03:40

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