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Developmentally regulated expression of α6 integrin in avian embryos

Artinger, Michael and Muschler, John and Horwitz, Alan F. and Bronner, Marianne E. (1992) Developmentally regulated expression of α6 integrin in avian embryos. Development, 115 (1). pp. 197-211. ISSN 0950-1991.

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The distribution pattern of the avian α_6 integrin subunit was examined during early stages of development. The results show that this subunit is prevalent in cells of the developing nervous system and muscle. α_6 is first observed on neuroepithelial cells of the cranial neural plate and trunk neural tube. With time, immunoreactivity becomes prominent near the lumen and ventrolateral portions of the neural tube, co-distributing with neurons and axons, particularly notable on commissural neurons. The α_6 expression pattern is dynamic in the neural tube, with immunoreactivity peaking by embryonic day 6 (stage 30) and decreasing thereafter. The ventral roots and retina exhibit high levels of immunoreactivity throughout development. In the peripheral nervous system, α_6 immunoreactivity first appears on a subpopulation of sympathoadrenal cells around the dorsal aorta and later in the dorsal root ganglia shortly after gangliogenesis. Immunoreactivity appears on prospective myotomal cells as the somites delaminate into the dermomyotome and sclerotome, remaining prominent on myoblasts and differentiated muscle at all stages. The mesonephros also has intense immunoreactivity. In the periphery, α_6 immunoreactive regions often in proximity to laminin, which is thought to be the ligand of α_6β_1 integrin.

Item Type:Article
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Bronner, Marianne E.0000-0003-4274-1862
Additional Information:© 1992 The Company of Biologists Limited. Accepted 9 February 1992. We thank Mary Flowers and Kristin Artinger for excellent technical assistance and Dr. Scott Fraser for helpful comments on the manuscript. Anti-human α_5 and α_6 antiserum and cDN A encoding chicken α_6 were the generous gifts of Dr. L. F. Reichardt. This work was supported by USPHS HD-15527 to MBF and GM-23244 to AFH.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
U. S. Public Health Service (USPHS)HD-15527
U. S. Public Health Service (USPHS)GM-23244
Subject Keywords:cell surface receptors, extracellular matrix, nervous system, myoblasts
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120315-111416031
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:29730
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:20 Mar 2012 22:03
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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