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Rheological measurements of large particles in high shear rate flows

Koos, Erin and Linares-Guerrero, Esperanza and Hunt, Melany L. and Brennen, Christopher E. (2012) Rheological measurements of large particles in high shear rate flows. Physics of Fluids, 24 (1). Art. No. 013302. ISSN 1070-6631. doi:10.1063/1.3677687.

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This paper presents experimental measurements of the rheological behavior of liquid-solid mixtures at moderate Stokes and Reynolds numbers. The experiments were performed in a coaxial rheometer that was designed to minimize the effects of secondary flows. By changing the shear rate, particle size, and liquid viscosity, the Reynolds numbers based on shear rate and particle diameter ranged from 20 to 800 (Stokes numbers from 3 to 90), which is higher than examined in earlier rheometric studies. Prior studies have suggested that as the shear rate is increased, particle-particle collisions also increase resulting in a shear stress that depends non-linearly on the shear rate. However, over the range of conditions that were examined in this study, the shear stress showed a linear dependence on the shear rate. Hence, the effective relative viscosity is independent of the Reynolds and Stokes numbers and a non-linear function of the solid fraction. The present work also includes a series of rough-wall experiments that show the relative effective viscosity is also independent of the shear rate and larger than in the smooth wall experiments. In addition, measurements were made of the near-wall particle velocities, which demonstrate the presence of slip at the wall for the smooth-walled experiments. The depletion layer thickness, a region next to the walls where the solid fraction decreases, was calculated based on these measurements. The relative effective viscosities in the current work are larger than found in low-Reynolds number suspension studies but are comparable with a few granular suspension studies from which the relative effective viscosities can be inferred.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
Hunt, Melany L.0000-0001-5592-2334
Additional Information:© 2012 American Institute of Physics. Received 10 October 2011; accepted 20 December 2011; published online 27 January 2012. This research was supported by NASA grant NNC04GA48G, NSF grant 0730284, and through the generous support of the Roberto Rocca Education Program for ELG.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Roberto Rocca Education ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:boundary layers, external flows, flow measurement, laminar flow, liquid mixtures, rheology, shear flow, suspensions, two-phase flow, viscosity
Issue or Number:1
Classification Code:PACS: 47.57.Qk; 47.80.-v; 82.70.Kj; 66.20.Ej; 47.15.Cb; 47.57.E-
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120320-075849559
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:29774
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:20 Mar 2012 21:30
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 19:29

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