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Ion-By-Ion Cooling Efficiencies

Gnat, Orly and Ferland, Gary J. (2012) Ion-By-Ion Cooling Efficiencies. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 199 (1). Art. No. 20. ISSN 0067-0049. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120403-075501406

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Abstract

We present ion-by-ion cooling efficiencies for low-density gas. We use Cloudy (version 10.00) to estimate the cooling efficiencies for each ion of the first 30 elements (H-Zn) individually. We present results for gas temperatures between 10^4 and 10^8 K, assuming low densities and optically thin conditions. When nonequilibrium ionization plays a significant role the ionization states deviate from those that obtain in collisional ionization equilibrium (CIE), and the local cooling efficiency at any given temperature depends on specific nonequilibrium ion fractions. The results presented here allow for an efficient estimate of the total cooling efficiency for any ionic composition. We also list the elemental cooling efficiencies assuming CIE conditions. These can be used to construct CIE cooling efficiencies for non-solar abundance ratios or to estimate the cooling due to elements not included in any nonequilibrium computation. All the computational results are listed in convenient online tables.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/199/1/20 DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://iopscience.iop.org/0067-0049/199/1/20/PublisherUNSPECIFIED
http://arxiv.org/abs/1111.6980arXivUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2012 American Astronomical Society. Received 2010 October 11; accepted 2012 January 4; published 2012 March 1. O.G. was supported by NASA through Chandra Postdoctoral Fellowship grant PF8-90053 awarded by the Chandra X-ray Center, which is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory for NASA under contract NAS8-03060. Partial financial support for G.J.F’s work on this project was provided by National Science Foundation grants AST 0908877 and AST 0607028, National Aeronautics and Space Administration grant 07-ATFP07-0124, and HST Theory grant AR 12125.01.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Chandra Postdoctoral FellowshipPF8-90053
NASANAS8-03060
NSFAST 0908877
NSFAST 0607028
NASA07-ATFP07-0124
HST Theory GrantAR 12125.01
Subject Keywords: atomic processes; ISM: general; plasmas
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120403-075501406
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120403-075501406
Official Citation: Ion-by-ion Cooling Efficiencies Orly Gnat and Gary J. Ferland 2012 ApJS 199 20
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:29944
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:03 Apr 2012 15:09
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 03:45

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