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Kepler constraints on planets near hot Jupiters

Steffen, Jason H. and Ragozzine, Darin and Fabrycky, Daniel C. and Carter, Joshua A. and Ford, Eric B. and Holman, Matthew J. and Rowe, Jason F. and Welsh, WIlliam F. and Borucki, William J. and Boss, Alan P. and Ciardi, David R. and Quinn, Samuel N. (2012) Kepler constraints on planets near hot Jupiters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (21). pp. 7982-7987. ISSN 0027-8424. PMCID PMC3361435.

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We present the results of a search for planetary companions orbiting near hot Jupiter planet candidates (Jupiter-size candidates with orbital periods near 3 d) identified in the Kepler data through its sixth quarter of science operations. Special emphasis is given to companions between the 2∶1 interior and exterior mean-motion resonances. A photometric transit search excludes companions with sizes ranging from roughly two-thirds to five times the size of the Earth, depending upon the noise properties of the target star. A search for dynamically induced deviations from a constant period (transit timing variations) also shows no significant signals. In contrast, comparison studies of warm Jupiters (with slightly larger orbits) and hot Neptune-size candidates do exhibit signatures of additional companions with these same tests. These differences between hot Jupiters and other planetary systems denote a distinctly different formation or dynamical history.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle CentralArticle
Fabrycky, Daniel C.0000-0003-3750-0183
Ford, Eric B.0000-0001-6545-639X
Holman, Matthew J.0000-0002-1139-4880
Rowe, Jason F.0000-0002-5904-1865
Welsh, WIlliam F.0000-0003-2381-5301
Ciardi, David R.0000-0002-5741-3047
Quinn, Samuel N.0000-0002-8964-8377
Additional Information:© 2012 National Academy of Sciences. Edited by Neta A. Bahcall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, and approved March 23, 2012 (received for review December 19, 2011). Funding for the Kepler mission is provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Science Mission Directorate. We thank the Kepler team for their many years of hard work. J.H.S acknowledges support from NASA under Grant NNX08AR04G under the Kepler Participating Scientist Program. D.C.F. and J.A.C. acknowledge support from NASA through Hubble Fellowship Grants HF-51272.01-A and HF-51267.01-A awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under Contract NAS 5-26555. Author contributions: J.H.S. and M.J.H. designed research; D.R., D.C.F., E.B.F., W.F.W., W.J.B., A.P.B., D.R.C., and S.N.Q. performed research; J.A.C. and J.F.R. analyzed data; and J.H.S. wrote the paper.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA Hubble FellowshipHF-51272.01-A
NASA Hubble FellowshipHF-51267.01-A
Space Telescope Science InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Extrasolar Planets; Planet formation; Planetary dynamics
Issue or Number:21
PubMed Central ID:PMC3361435
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120613-132754013
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:31894
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:14 Jun 2012 17:52
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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