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The Memory Gene Dunce+ Encodes a Remarkable Set of RNAs with Internal Heterogeneity

Davis, Ronald L. and Davidson, Norman (1986) The Memory Gene Dunce+ Encodes a Remarkable Set of RNAs with Internal Heterogeneity. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 6 (5). pp. 1464-1470. ISSN 0270-7306. PMCID PMC367671. doi:10.1128/MCB.6.5.1464.

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We have previously isolated the region of the Drosophila melanogaster X chromosome which contains the dunce^+ gene and mapped the dunce^2 mutation by recombination to a 10- to 12-kilobase (kb) interval (R. L. Davis and N. Davidson, Mol. Cell. Biol. 4:358-367, 1984). Here, we examine the expression of the dunce^+ chromosomal region and identify the dunce^+ gene within that region. A region of ca. 25 kb which contains the 10- to 12-kb interval to which dunce^2 was mapped codes for polyadenylated RNAs of 9.6, 7.4, 7.2, 7.0, 5.4, and 4.5 kb in adult flies. These transcripts are encoded by the same DNA strand and share sequences of some exons, indicating that the transcripts arise from the same gene. Some genome probes internal to the ca. 25-kb coding region show transcript-specific hybridization, demonstrating alternate usage of exonic sequence information in the formation of the mature transcripts. The basis for this internal heterogeneity in RNAs is most likely alternative splicing. Two dunce mutants examined show aberrant RNA expression from this coding region, confirming that this region is the dunce gene. The developmental expression of these transcripts has been examined. The 5.4-kb RNA is present at all developmental stages. The 9.6-, 7.4-, 7.2-, and 7.0-kb RNAs are not expressed at detectable levels in embryos, but are detected in late embryogenesis and in later developmental stages. The 4.5-kb species is found in early embryos and adults, but not in intermediate stages. We discuss the remarkable transcript heterogeneity and expression pattern with respect to the important function this gene performs in neurobiological and other physiological processes.

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Additional Information:© 1986 American Society for Microbiology. Received 4 October 1985. Accepted 22 January 1986. We thank B. Bond and M. Snyder for RNA samples and T. Freidman and W. Mattox for their critical review of the manuscript. This research was supported by Public Health Service grants to N.D. and to R.L.D. from the National Institutes of Health and by funds to R.L.D. from the McKnight Foundation.
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McKnight FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5
PubMed Central ID:PMC367671
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120627-102216935
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Official Citation:The memory gene dunce+ encodes a remarkable set of RNAs with internal heterogeneity. R L Davis and N Davidson Mol. Cell. Biol. May 1986 6:1464-1470; doi:10.1128/MCB.6.5.1464
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:32137
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:27 Jun 2012 17:56
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 21:25

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