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Nonlinear spectroscopy in the strong-coupling regime of cavity QED

Thompson, R. J. and Turchette, Q. A. and Carnal, O. and Kimble, H. J. (1998) Nonlinear spectroscopy in the strong-coupling regime of cavity QED. Physical Review A, 57 (4). pp. 3084-3104. ISSN 1050-2947. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.57.3084.

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A nonlinear spectroscopic investigation of a strongly coupled atom-cavity system is presented. A two-field pump-probe experiment is employed to study nonlinear structure as the average number of intracavity atoms is varied from N̅≈4.2 to N̅≈0.8. Nonlinear effects are observed for as few as 0.1 intracavity pump photons. A detailed semiclassical simulation of the atomic beam experiment gives reasonable agreement with the data for N̅≳2 atoms. The simulation procedure accounts for fluctuations in atom-field coupling which have important effects on both the linear and nonlinear probe transmission spectra. A discrepancy between the simulations and the experiments is observed for small numbers of atoms (N̅≲1). Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine if this discrepancy is a definitive consequence of the quantum nature of the atom-cavity coupling or a result of the severe technical complications of the experiment.

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Additional Information:©1998 The American Physical Society Received 10 June 1997; revised 9 December 1997 This research is supported by the National Science Foundation and by the U.S. Office of Naval Research.
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:THOpra98
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3310
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:26 May 2006
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 19:55

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