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The partitioning of Na between melilite and liquid: Part II. Applications to Type B inclusions from carbonaceous chondrites

Beckett, J. R. and Simon, S. B. and Stolper, E. (2000) The partitioning of Na between melilite and liquid: Part II. Applications to Type B inclusions from carbonaceous chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64 (14). pp. 2519-2534. ISSN 0016-7037. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120822-121402732

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Abstract

The zoning of Na in the melilite of Type B1 Ca-, Al-rich inclusions from carbonaceous chondrites reflects a combination of factors including the maximum temperature, T_(max), for melting, bulk composition, crystal dimensions and the degree of diffusive relaxation. We used experimentally determined partition coefficients for Na between melilite and liquid together with modes and compositions of phases in meteoritic inclusions to calculate Na zoning produced in melilite by crystallization from Na-bearing liquids. We then used a simple model for the diffusive relaxation of an originally igneous zoning profile to constrain the thermal history. For Allende Type B1 inclusion TS-34, the melilite compositions are consistent with an initial melting event (T_(max) ~1450°C) during which essentially Na-free melilite crystallized, followed by the introduction of Na during a hiatus, a second melting event with T_(max) ~1290°C in which Na-bearing melilite with X^(Mel)_Al ≥ 0.47 grew on relict cores of melilite from the first melting event, and partial diffusive relaxation. For the Type B1 inclusion Vigarano 1623-8, previously published bulk and melilite compositions lead to the conclusion that T_(max) did not exceed ~1280°C during the last major melting event. A survey of literature data for other inclusions suggests that Na zoning in melilite may be a generally useful indicator of thermal history and that Type B1 inclusions were commonly subjected to multiple melting events with intervening periods of alteration. At any given value of X^(Mel)_(Ak) in TS-34, calculated melilite/liquid partition coefficients for Na are lower than values determined experimentally for melilite of similar composition because of liquid composition effects. The difference is more than a factor of two for X^(Mel)_(Ak) > 0.5, and it is likely, based on the activities of major oxides in the melt, that liquid composition effects are also important for other elements. On the other hand, modeling of diffusive relaxation for Na in melilite suggests that the diffusion coefficients are not strongly dependent on either X^(Mel)_(Ak) or Na concentration.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00371-9DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703700003719PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Stolper, E.0000-0001-8008-8804
Additional Information:© 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. Received 31 May 1998. Revised 1 March 2000. Accepted 1 March 2000. Available online 6 July 2000. This work was supported by NASA grant NAG5-4318 (EMS) and NAG5-4476 (L. Grossman). Discussions with H. C. Connolly, A. M. Davis, M. Hirschmann, I. D. Hutcheon, R. Kessel, G. J. MacPherson, K. M. Nolan, and M. Peters were very helpful. A. M. Davis is also thanked for providing the SEM photomicrograph used as the base for Fig. 2c. G. J. MacPherson and an anonymous reviewer provided formal comments that led to substantial improvements in the text. Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences Contribution No. 5479.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAG5-4318
NASANAG5-4476
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences5479
Issue or Number:14
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120822-121402732
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120822-121402732
Official Citation:J.R. Beckett, S.B. Simon, E. Stolper, The partitioning of Na between melilite and liquid: part II. applications to Type B inclusions from carbonaceous chondrites, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 64, Issue 14, July 2000, Pages 2519-2534, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00371-9. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703700003719)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:33454
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Aucoeur Ngo
Deposited On:22 Aug 2012 20:16
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:10

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