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On the Theory of Chemiluminescent Electron-Transfer Reactions

Marcus, R. A. (1965) On the Theory of Chemiluminescent Electron-Transfer Reactions. Journal of Chemical Physics, 43 (8). pp. 2654-2657. ISSN 0021-9606. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120829-135513417

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Abstract

A mechanism is described for chemiluminescent electron‐transfer reactions. It is shown that in the case of very exothermic homogeneous electron‐transfer reactions, the intersection of the potential‐energy surface of the reactants with that of electronically unexcited products occurs only at high energies. The rate of formation of unexcited products then becomes slow. A numerical estimate of this slowness is made using known homogeneous rate constants for ordinary electron‐exchange reactions. An intersection occurs at lower energies when one of the products of a highly exothermic electron transfer is electronically excited, thereby reducing the exothermicity. The product may emit light or subsequently form a state that does. A rather different situation is shown to occur at electrodes: the system can now reduce the "exothermicity" by having the electron transfer into a high unoccupied level of the conduction band or from a low occupied level of the latter. The large width of the conduction band in metals permits much latitude in reducing the exothermicity thereby. These results are compared with present experimental findings that chemiluminescent electron transfers occur in solution rather than on electrode surfaces.


Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1697190 DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://jcp.aip.org/resource/1/jcpsa6/v43/i8/p2654_s1PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1965 American Institute of Physics. Received 7 May 1965. Online Publication Date: 18 May 2004. Supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation.
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Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120829-135513417
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120829-135513417
Official Citation:On the Theory of Chemiluminescent Electron‐Transfer Reactions R. A. Marcus J. Chem. Phys. 43, 2654 (1965); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1697190
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:33673
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:29 Aug 2012 21:09
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 16:04

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