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Melt migration vs. isentropic decompression melting, more or less

Asimow, Paul D. (2002) Melt migration vs. isentropic decompression melting, more or less. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66 (15A). A34. ISSN 0016-7037. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120830-144751592

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Abstract

Decompression melting of the asthenospheric mantle is routinely modelled as an isentropic process, but as thermodynamic models evolve to the point where this constraint can be rigorously (and perhaps accurately) imposed, it becomes important to test the quality of this assumption. In particular, as McKenzie (1984) recognised, when melt migration occurs the upwelling is neither adiabatic nor reversible due to advection of heat by the melt and gravitational dissipation. McKenzie estimated that these effects were negligible relative to the rather large uncertainties in his melting parameters, but concluded that melt migration leads to excess melting above that generated in the isentropic case, by at most 60%. However, relative movement of melt and solids has another first-order effect - the possibility of introducing chemical disequilibrium, or something akin to fractional melting. It is well known that fractional melting processes are less productive in general than equilibrium melting, so this raises the possibility that melt migration leads to substantially less melting and crustal production than the isentropic equilibrium case. In order to settle which of these effects is dominant and to bound the magnitude of both effects, I construct an energy equation similar to McKenzie's that allows for chemical and thermal disequilibrium between migrating melts and residues and perform a series of one-dimensional MELTS calculations that show the net melt production of various cases.


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ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Asimow, Paul D.0000-0001-6025-8925
Additional Information:© 2002 Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd.
Issue or Number:15A
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120830-144751592
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120830-144751592
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:33719
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:30 Aug 2012 22:34
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:12

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