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Interseismic Deformation and Earthquake Hazard along the Southernmost Longitudinal Valley Fault, Eastern Taiwan

Chuang, Ray Y. and Miller, M. Meghan and Chen, Yue-Gau and Chen, Horng-Yue and Shyu, J. Bruce H. and Yu, Shui-Beih and Rubin, Charles M. and Sieh, Kerry and Chung, Ling-Ho (2012) Interseismic Deformation and Earthquake Hazard along the Southernmost Longitudinal Valley Fault, Eastern Taiwan. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 102 (4). pp. 1569-1582. ISSN 0037-1106. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120925-111000478

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Abstract

About half of the 8  cm/yr of oblique convergence across the active convergent plate boundaries of Taiwan occurs in eastern Taiwan, across the Longitudinal Valley. Significant shortening and left‐lateral slip occurs across the Longitudinal Valley fault there, both as shallow fault creep and as seismogenic fault slip. The southernmost Longitudinal Valley fault comprises an eastern Peinan strand and a western Luyeh strand. We derive an interseismic block model for these two strands using data from a small‐aperture Global Positioning System (GPS) campaign and leveling. The model provides estimates of fault slip rates and quantifies slip partitioning between the two strands. A 45  mm/yr dip‐slip rate on the northern Peinan strand diminishes southward, whereas the left‐lateral component increases. In contrast, nearly pure dip‐slip motion of about 20  mm/yr on the southern Luyeh strand diminishes northward to about 8  mm/yr and picks up a component of left‐lateral motion of about 15  mm/yr before it dies out altogether at its northern terminus. The Luyeh and the northern Peinan strands record near‐surface creep, but the southern Peinan strand appears locked. The potential earthquake magnitude for the two strands may be as high as M_w 6.5. We anticipate seismic rupture mainly on the locked portion of the Peinan strand.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1785/0120110262DOIArticle
http://www.bssaonline.org/content/102/4/1569.abstractPublisherArticle
http://bssa.geoscienceworld.org/content/102/4/1569PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Chen, Yue-Gau0000-0002-8693-583X
Shyu, J. Bruce H.0000-0002-2564-3702
Sieh, Kerry0000-0002-7311-2447
Additional Information:© 2012 by the Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 16 September 2011. This research was supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan as project number NSC 98-2119-M-001-031. We thank the Department of Geosciences of the National Taiwan University and IESAS for providing instruments for field observations. We are also grateful for field assistance provided by IESAS in the installation of benchmarks and collection of data. The new data sets presented here formed the basis of the M.S. Thesis of R. Y. Chuang at Central Washington University.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Science Council of TaiwanNSC 98-2119-M-001-031
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120925-111000478
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120925-111000478
Official Citation:Ray Y. Chuang, M. Meghan Miller, Yue‐Gau Chen, Horng‐Yue Chen, J. Bruce H. Shyu, Shui‐Beih Yu, Charles M. Rubin, Kerry Sieh, and Ling‐Ho Chung Interseismic Deformation and Earthquake Hazard along the Southernmost Longitudinal Valley Fault, Eastern Taiwan Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America August 2012 102:1569-1582; doi:10.1785/0120110262
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:34349
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:25 Sep 2012 18:28
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:18

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