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Why Was It Europeans Who Conquered the World?

Hoffman, Philip T. (2012) Why Was It Europeans Who Conquered the World? Journal of Economic History, 72 (3). pp. 601-633. ISSN 0022-0507.

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By the 1700s Europeans dominated the gunpowder technology, which was surprising, because it had originated in China and been used with expertise throughout Eurasia. To account for their dominance, historians have invoked competition, but it cannot explain why they pushed this technology further than anyone else. The answer lies with a simple tournament model of military competition that allows for learning by doing. Political incentives and military conditions then explain why the rest of Eurasia fell behind Europeans in developing the gunpowder technology. The consequences were huge, from colonialism to the slave trade and even the Industrial Revolution.

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Additional Information:© 2012 The Economic History Association. Published online: 22 August 2012.
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120927-144805927
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:34525
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:27 Sep 2012 22:27
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:19

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