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Resolution of tomographic models of the mantle beneath Iceland

Keller, William R. and Anderson, Don L. and Clayton, Robert W. (2000) Resolution of tomographic models of the mantle beneath Iceland. Geophysical Research Letters, 27 (24). pp. 3993-3996. ISSN 0094-8276. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121010-102151531

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Abstract

The locations of volcanic islands may be controlled by thin or extending parts of the lithosphere over a partially molten asthenosphere [Anderson and Bass, 1984; Favela and Anderson, 2000], by edge effects near the boundaries of thick cratonic lithosphere [Anderson, 1998], or by narrow jets of hot mantle rising from deep within the mantle [Campbell and Griffiths, 1992; Morgan, 1971; Wilson, 1986]. Many hotspots are found on or near ridges, at lithospheric discontinuities, or in extensional environments, so high resolution seismic images are required to determine whether it is lithospheric structure, stresses in the lithosphere, or the deep mantle that is the controlling factor for the location of these volcanoes. In this study, we perform a simple experiment in which we use basic geometrical arguments to better understand the resolution of tomographic images of the upper 400 km of the mantle under Iceland. Our results indicate that a narrow, deep seated mantle plume is not required in order to explain the observed travel time delays in this region. Results of tomographic inversions are often viewed as unique; however, recent seismic studies of the Icelandic Hotspot have illustrated the non‐unique nature of these models


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000GL011798DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Clayton, Robert W.0000-0003-3323-3508
Additional Information:© 2000 American Geophysical Union. Received 18 May 2000; revised August 15, 2000; accepted 27 September 2000. We thank Gillian Foulger, Bruce Julian, Cecily Wolfe, and Sean Solomon for insightful discussions and comments. This paper represents Contribution Number 8704, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology. This work has been supported by NSF grant EAR 9726252.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-9726252
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences8704
Issue or Number:24
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20121010-102151531
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121010-102151531
Official Citation: Keller, W. R., D. L. Anderson, and R. W. Clayton (2000), Resolution of tomographic models of the mantle beneath Iceland, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(24), 3993–3996, doi:10.1029/2000GL011798.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:34818
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:10 Oct 2012 17:55
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:22

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