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A new look at stable isotope thermometry

Eiler, John M. and Valley, John W. and Baumgartner, Lukas P. (1993) A new look at stable isotope thermometry. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 57 (11). pp. 2571-2583. ISSN 0016-7037.

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Interdiffusion between coexisting minerals affects all rocks and causes resetting and discordance of stable isotope geothermometers that is commonly observed in slowly cooled igneous and metamorphic rocks. The Fast Grain Boundary (FGB) model describes the stable isotope fractionations and intracrystalline zonation which result from closed system interdiffusion (Eiler et al., 1991, 1992). This model assumes that grain boundary diffusion is much faster than volume diffusion, and it accounts for exchange among all minerals in a rock. Previous models of closure temperature violate mass balance restrictions and will be inaccurate in most rocks. Modeling results are described for amphibolites and hornblende granites and gneisses; biotite granites, schists, and gneisses; pelitic and semi-pelitic rocks; garnet peridotites; anorthosites, gabbros, pyroxenites, and related rocks; and calc-silicate rocks. Examples of mineral pairs and specific rock types that allow accurate stable isotope thermometry include plagioclase-pyroxene in pyroxene bearing anorthosites and garnet-quartz in garnetiferous quartzites. In contrast, the same mineral pairs in related rocks such as pyroxenites and pelitic schists will exhibit reset apparent temperatures. Closed-system processes are capable of producing a variety of patterns of stable isotope resetting, discordance, mineral zonation, and fractionation reversals. Examples include large reversals of quartz-feldspar fractionations in micaceous rocks, and oscillatory zonation in feldspar from some quartz-rich rocks. These results permit reinterpretation of many studies of stable isotope thermometry, speedometry, and retrograde alteration history. FGB modeling of mineral zonation provides an important new guide to applying recently developed micro-analytical tools to slowly cooled rocks. Application of the FGB model to quartzo-feldspathic gneisses from the Adirondack Mountains, New York, demonstrates the usefulness of diffusion modeling in discriminating closed-system, diffusion controlled retrogression from open-system retrogression, and illustrates the possible importance of incorporating the effect of water activity on mineral diffusivity.

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Additional Information:© 1993 Pergamon Press Ltd. Received May 29, 1992; accepted in revised form December 8, 1992. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of an NSF Graduate Fellowship (JME), and NSF grants EAR-9 105709 (JWV) and EAR-9 106313 (LPB), as well as research grants to JME from the Geologic Society of America and Sigma Xi. Thanks are due to P. R. Whitney for supplying samples of Lyon Mountain Gneiss, to M. J. Spicuzza for assistance with stable isotope analysis, and to and C. M. Graham for assistance with electron microprobe analysis. C. M. Graham is also thanked for his contributions to this study in discussions of the samples studied. Editorial handling: B. E. Taylor.
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NSF Graduate FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Geological Society of AmericaUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20121023-102425048
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Official Citation:John M Eiler, John W Valley, Lukas P Baumgartner, A new look at stable isotope thermometry, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, Issue 11, June 1993, Pages 2571-2583, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/0016-7037(93)90418-V. (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:35026
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:23 Oct 2012 18:03
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:24

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