CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

A Detailed Gravitational Lens Model Based on Submillimeter Array and Keck Adaptive Optics Imaging of a Herschel-ATLAS Submillimeter Galaxy at z = 4.243

Bussmann, R. S. and Riechers, D. A. (2012) A Detailed Gravitational Lens Model Based on Submillimeter Array and Keck Adaptive Optics Imaging of a Herschel-ATLAS Submillimeter Galaxy at z = 4.243. Astrophysical Journal, 756 (2). Art. No. 134. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/134. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121107-111058417

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

828kB

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121107-111058417

Abstract

We present high-spatial resolution imaging obtained with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 880 μm and the Keck adaptive optics (AO) system at the KS-band of a gravitationally lensed submillimeter galaxy (SMG) at z = 4.243 discovered in the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey. The SMA data (angular resolution ≈0". 6) resolve the dust emission into multiple lensed images, while the Keck AO K_S-band data (angular resolution ≈0". 1) resolve the lens into a pair of galaxies separated by 0". 3. We present an optical spectrum of the foreground lens obtained with the Gemini-South telescope that provides a lens redshift of z_(lens) = 0.595 ± 0.005. We develop and apply a new lens modeling technique in the visibility plane that shows that the SMG is magnified by a factor of μ = 4.1 ± 0.2 and has an intrinsic infrared (IR) luminosity of L_(IR) = (2.1 ± 0.2) × 10_(13) L_☉. We measure a half-light radius of the background source of r_s = 4.4 ± 0.5 kpc which implies an IR luminosity surface density of Σ_(IR) = (3.4 ± 0.9) × 10^(11) L_☉ kpc^(−2), a value that is typical of z > 2 SMGs but significantly lower than IR luminous galaxies at z ∼ 0. The two lens galaxies are compact (r_(lens) ≈ 0.9 kpc) early-types with Einstein radii of θ_(E1) = 0.57 ± 0.01 and θ_(E2) = 0.40 ± 0.01 that imply masses of M_(lens1) = (7.4 ± 0.5) × 10^(10)M_☉ and M_(lens2) = (3.7 ± 0.3) × 10^(10) M_☉. The two lensing galaxies are likely about to undergo a dissipationless merger, and the mass and size of the resultant system should be similar to other early-type galaxies at z ∼ 0.6. This work highlights the importance of high spatial resolution imaging in developing models of strongly lensed galaxies discovered by Herschel.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/134DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/756/2/134/PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Riechers, D. A.0000-0001-9585-1462
Additional Information:© 2012 American Astronomical Society. Received 2011 October 5; accepted 2012 July 11; published 2012 August 22. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the Submillimeter Array, which is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. The results described in this paper are based on observations obtained with Herschel, an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. The Herschel-ATLAS is a project with Herschel, which is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. The H-ATLAS Web site is http://www.h-atlas.org/. US participants in H-ATLAS acknowledge support from NASA through a contract from JPL. R.S.B. acknowledges support from the SMA Fellowship program. H.F., A.C., J.L.W., and S.K. acknowledge support from NSF CAREER AST-0645427. We thank K. Rosenfeld and S. M. Andrews for assistance in implementing the lens modeling analysis in the visibility plane. We thank the referee for a thorough review of the manuscript which resulted in a stronger paper overall. The ground-based follow-up observations were obtained at the SMA, at the W. M. Keck Observatory, and at the Gemini South Observatory. The SMA is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica. The authors recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil) and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovaciόn Productiva (Argentina). Facilities: SMA, Keck:II, Gemini:South
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPLUNSPECIFIED
SMA Fellowship ProgramUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-0645427
Smithsonian InstitutionUNSPECIFIED
Academia SinicaUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: evolution; galaxies: fundamental parameters; galaxies: high-redshift; gravitational lensing: strong
Issue or Number:2
DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/134
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20121107-111058417
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121107-111058417
Official Citation:A Detailed Gravitational Lens Model Based on Submillimeter Array and Keck Adaptive Optics Imaging of a Herschel-ATLAS Submillimeter Galaxy at z = 4.243 R. S. Bussmann et al. 2012 ApJ 756 134
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:35333
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:07 Nov 2012 21:05
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:14

Repository Staff Only: item control page