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Horizontal transition from fast to slow structures at the core-mantle boundary; South Atlantic

Ni, Sidao and Helmberger, Don V. (2001) Horizontal transition from fast to slow structures at the core-mantle boundary; South Atlantic. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 187 (3-4). pp. 301-310. ISSN 0012-821X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121211-101812983

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Abstract

Recent tomographic studies of the deep mantle have revealed large-scale low-velocity zones beneath Africa and relatively fast velocity zones beneath South America. Here we conduct a concentrated core–mantle boundary (CMB) study across this transition zone from fast to slow beneath the South Atlantic. Deep South American earthquakes recorded in Africa provide S and ScS waveform data at core-grazing distances of 85–105°. The waveform interference pattern produced at these ranges provides an excellent sample of the CMB structure in the vicinity of the ScS bounce point which can be used to map out regions of low-velocity zones (<5% reductions) and the more extreme ultra-low-velocity zones (>10% reductions). The strongest anomalies occur at the western edge roughly beneath the Tristat Plateau with weaker structures to the east beneath the so-called ‘Great Africa Plume’. These results agree with dynamic models where strong local upwellings develop at the edges of D″ (fast) structures.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00273-4DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X01002734PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. Received 21 August 2000; received in revised form 30 January 2001; accepted 7 February 2001. This research has been supported by the National Science Foundation Grant No. EAR 97-2508 and EAR-0001966. We thank Michael Gurnis and Michael Wysession for their helpful comments and Evelina Cui for her help in creating this manuscript. Contribution #8754, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Caltech. [RV]
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR 97-2508
NSFEAR-0001966
Subject Keywords:low-velocity zones; Africa; plumes; core–mantle boundary; D″ layer
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences 8754
Issue or Number:3-4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20121211-101812983
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20121211-101812983
Official Citation:Sidao Ni, Don V Helmberger, Horizontal transition from fast to slow structures at the core–mantle boundary; South Atlantic, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 187, Issues 3–4, 15 May 2001, Pages 301-310, ISSN 0012-821X, 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00273-4. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X01002734)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:35904
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:11 Dec 2012 18:51
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:32

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