A Caltech Library Service

The N2K Consortium. III. Short-Period Planets Orbiting HD 149143 and HD 109749

Fischer, Debra A. and Laughlin, Gregory and Marcy, Geoffrey W. and Butler, R. Paul and Vogt, Steven S. and Johnson, John A. and Henry, Gregory W. and McCarthy, Chris and Ammons, Mark and Robinson, Sarah and Strader, Jay and Valenti, Jeff A. and McCullough, P. R. and Charbonneau, David and Haislip, Joshua and Knutson, Heather A. and Reichart, Daniel E. and McGee, Padric and Monard, Berto and Wright, Jason T. and Ida, Shigeru and Sato, Bun'ei and Minniti, Dante (2006) The N2K Consortium. III. Short-Period Planets Orbiting HD 149143 and HD 109749. Astrophysical Journal, 637 (2). pp. 1094-1101. ISSN 0004-637X.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We report the detection of two short-period planets discovered at Keck Observatory. HD 149143 is a metal-rich G0 IV star with a planet of M sin i = 1.33M_J and an orbital radius of 0.053 AU. The best-fit Keplerian model has an orbital period, P = 4.072 days, semivelocity amplitude, K = 149.6 m s^(-1), and eccentricity, e = 0.016 ± 0.01. The host star is chromospherically inactive and metal-rich, with [Fe/H] = 0.26. Based on the T_(eff) and stellar luminosity, we derive a stellar radius of 1.49 R_☉. Photometric observations of HD 149143 were carried out using the automated photometric telescopes at Fairborn Observatory. HD 149143 is photometrically constant over the radial velocity period to 0.0003 ± 0.0002 mag, supporting the existence of the planetary companion. No transits were detected down to a photometric limit of approximately 0.02%, eliminating transiting planets with a variety of compositions and constraining the orbital inclination to less than 83°. A short-period planet was also detected around HD 109749, a G3 IV star. HD 109749 is chromospherically inactive, with [Fe/H] = 0.25 and a stellar radius of 1.24. The radial velocities for HD 109749 are modeled by a Keplerian with P = 5.24 days and K = 28.7 m s^(-1). The inferred planet mass is M sin i = 0.28M_J and the semimajor axis of this orbit is 0.0635 AU. Photometry of HD 109749 was obtained with the SMARTS consortium telescope, the PROMPT telescope, and by observers in Adelaide and Pretoria. These observations did not detect a decrement in the brightness of the host star at the predicted ephemeris time, and they constrain the orbital inclination to less than 85° for gas giant planets with radii down to 0.7R_J.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Fischer, Debra A.0000-0003-2221-0861
Laughlin, Gregory0000-0002-3253-2621
Marcy, Geoffrey W.0000-0002-2909-0113
Johnson, John A.0000-0001-9808-7172
Henry, Gregory W.0000-0003-4155-8513
Strader, Jay0000-0002-1468-9668
Valenti, Jeff A.0000-0003-3305-6281
McCullough, P. R.0000-0001-9165-9799
Charbonneau, David0000-0002-9003-484X
Knutson, Heather A.0000-0002-0822-3095
Reichart, Daniel E.0000-0002-5060-3673
Wright, Jason T.0000-0001-6160-5888
Minniti, Dante0000-0002-7064-099X
Additional Information:© 2006 American Astronomical Society. Received 2005 September 6; accepted 2005 October 3. Based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. Keck time has been granted by the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) and NASA. We gratefully acknowledge the dedication and support of the Keck Observatory staff, in particular Grant Hill for support with HIRES. We thank Rebeccah Winnick (at Yale University) for scheduling the SMARTS observations. We thank the NOAO and NASA telescope assignment committees for generous allocations of telescope time. Data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory from telescope time allocated to NASA through the agency’s scientific partnership with the California Institute of Technology and the University of California. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. We thank the Michaelson Science Center for travel support and support through the KDPA program. D. A. F. is a Cottrell Science Scholar of Research Corporation. We acknowledge support from NASA grant NNG05G164G (to D. A. F.); NASA grant NCC5-511 and NSF grant HRD-9706268 (to G. W. H.); NASA grant NAG5-75005 (to G. W. M.); NSF grant AST 99-88358 and NASA grant NAG5-4445 (to S. S. V.); NASA grant NAG5-13285 to P. B.; and NASA grant NNA04CC99A (to G. L.). D. M. is supported by FONDAPN. 15010003.D. E.R. gratefully acknowledges support from NSF’s MRI, CAREER, PREST, and REU programs, NASA’s APRA, Swift GI, and IDEAS programs, and especially Leonard Goodman and Henry Cox. Work by H. A. K. was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship. This research has made use of the Simbad database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Cottrell Scholar of Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST 99-88358
Fondo de Financiamiento de Centros de Investigación en Áreas Prioritarias (FONDAP)15010003
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130109-153237794
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:The N2K Consortium. III. Short-Period Planets Orbiting HD 149143 and HD 109749 Debra A. Fischer et al. 2006 ApJ 637 1094
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36284
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:10 Jan 2013 00:02
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

Repository Staff Only: item control page