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Four New Exoplanets and Hints of Additional Substellar Companions to Exoplanet Host Stars

Wright, J. T. and Marcy, G. W. and Fischer, D. A. and Butler, R. P. and Vogt, S. S. and Tinney, C. G. and Jones, H. R. A. and Carter, B. D. and Johnson, J. A. and McCarthy, C. and Apps, K. (2007) Four New Exoplanets and Hints of Additional Substellar Companions to Exoplanet Host Stars. Astrophysical Journal, 657 (1). pp. 533-545. ISSN 0004-637X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130111-133043875

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Abstract

We present four new exoplanets: HIP 14810b and HIP 14810c, HD 154345b, and HD 187123c. The two planets orbiting HIP 14810, from the N2K project, have masses of 3.9 and 0.76 M_J. We have searched the radial velocity time series of 90 known exoplanet systems and found new residual trends due to additional, long period companions. Two stars known to host one exoplanet have sufficient curvature in the residuals to a one planet fit to constrain the minimum mass of the outer companion to be substellar: HD 68988c with 8 M_J < m sin i < 20 M_J and HD 187123c with 3 M_J < m sin i < 7 M_J, both with P > 8 yr. We have also searched the velocity residuals of known exoplanet systems for prospective low-amplitude exoplanets and present some candidates. We discuss techniques for constraining the mass and period of exoplanets in such cases, and for quantifying the significance of weak RV signals. We also present two substellar companions with incomplete orbits and periods longer than 8 yr: HD 24040b and HD 154345b with m sin i < 20 M_J and m sin i < 10 M_J, respectively.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/510553DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/657/1/533PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wright, J. T.0000-0001-6160-5888
Marcy, G. W.0000-0002-2909-0113
Fischer, D. A.0000-0003-2221-0861
Tinney, C. G.0000-0002-7595-0970
Johnson, J. A.0000-0001-9808-7172
Additional Information:© 2007 American Astronomical Society. Received 2006 July 26; accepted 2006 October 28. Based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. The authors would like to thank Kathryn Peek for obtaining the crucial 2006 April 16 RV measurement of HIP 14810, and Simon O’Toole and Alan Penny for their assistance. The authors also thank the anonymous referee for a thorough and constructive report. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France, and of NASA’s Astrophysics Data System Bibliographic Services, and is made possible by the generous support of Sun Microsystems, NASA, and the National Science Foundation.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
Sun MicrosystemsUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130111-133043875
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130111-133043875
Official Citation:Four New Exoplanets and Hints of Additional Substellar Companions to Exoplanet Host Stars J. T. Wright et al. 2007 ApJ 657 533
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36325
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:11 Jan 2013 21:58
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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