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Teleseismic time functions for large, shallow subduction zone earthquakes

Hartzell, Stephen H. and Heaton, Thomas H. (1985) Teleseismic time functions for large, shallow subduction zone earthquakes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 75 (4). pp. 965-1004. ISSN 0037-1106. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130130-145105862

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Abstract

Broadband vertical P-wave records are analyzed from 63 of the largest shallow subduction zone earthquakes which have occurred in the circum-Pacific in the last 45 yr. Most of the records studied come from a common instrument, the Pasadena, California, Benioff 1-90 seismometer. Propagation and instrument effects are deconvolved from the P-wave records using a damped least-squares inversion to obtain the teleseismic source time function. The inversion has the additional constraint that the time function be positive everywhere. The period band over which the time functions are considered reliable is from 2.5 to 50 sec. Fourier displacement amplitude spectra computed for each of the 1-90 P-wave trains indicate spectral slopes measured between 2 and 50 sec of ω^(−1.0) to ω^(−2.25) with an average value of ω^(−1.5). These values assume an average attenuation of t^* = 1.0. The seismic moments derived from the P-wave time functions compare well with other published values for earthquakes having moments smaller than 2.5 × 10^(28) dyne-cm (M_w = 8.2). Because the 1-90 seismometer has little response at very long periods, this technique underestimates the moments of the very largest events. The time functions are characterized using five parameters: (1) spectral slope between 2 and 50 sec; (2) roughness of the time function; (3) multiplicity of sources; (4) pulse widths of individual sources; and (5) overall signal duration. The 63 earthquakes studied come from 15 subduction zones with a wide range in the ages of subducted lithosphere, convergence rates, and maximum size of earthquakes. Comparing the time function parameters with age, rate, and M_w of the subduction zone does not yield obvious global trends. However, most of the subduction zones do behave characteristically and can be grouped accordingly.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
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http://bssa.geoscienceworld.org/content/75/4/965.abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heaton, Thomas H.0000-0003-3363-2197
Additional Information:© 1985 Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 6 December 1985. This research was supported by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The authors benefited from discussions with Hiroo Kanamori, Larry Ruff, and Heidi Houston. The paper was significantly improved by reviews from Paul Spudich, Larry Ruff, and Dave Boore. We thank Masayuki Kikuchi and Larry Ruff for generously providing unpublished results. The 1-90 seismograms were patiently digitized by Bette Sheppard.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130130-145105862
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130130-145105862
Official Citation:Stephen H. Hartzell and Thomas H. Heaton Teleseismic time functions for large, shallow subduction zone earthquakes Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, August 1985, v. 75, p. 965-1004
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36696
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:30 Jan 2013 23:55
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:40

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