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Measurement of the elliptic anisotropy of charged particles produced in PbPb collisions at √s_(NN)=2.76 TeV

Chatrchyan, S. and Apresyan, A. and Bornheim, A. and Bunn, J. and Chen, Y. and Di Marco, E. and Duarte, J. and Gataullin, M. and Ma, Y. and Mott, A. and Newman, H. B. and Rogan, C. and Timciuc, V. and Traczyk, P. and Veverka, J. and Wilkinson, R. and Yang, Y. and Zhu, R. Y. and Dias, F. A. and Spiropulu, M. (2013) Measurement of the elliptic anisotropy of charged particles produced in PbPb collisions at √s_(NN)=2.76 TeV. Physical Review C, 87 (1). Art. No. 014902. ISSN 0556-2813. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130211-074917866

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Abstract

The anisotropy of the azimuthal distributions of charged particles produced in √s_(NN)=2.76 TeV PbPb collisions is studied with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The elliptic anisotropy parameter, v_2, defined as the second coefficient in a Fourier expansion of the particle invariant yields, is extracted using the event-plane method, two- and four-particle cumulants, and Lee-Yang zeros. The anisotropy is presented as a function of transverse momentum (p_T), pseudorapidity (η) over a broad kinematic range, 0.3<p_T<20 GeV/c, |η|<2.4, and in 12 classes of collision centrality from 0 to 80%. The results are compared to those obtained at lower center-of-mass energies, and various scaling behaviors are examined. When scaled by the geometric eccentricity of the collision zone, the elliptic anisotropy is found to obey a universal scaling with the transverse particle density for different collision systems and center-of-mass energies.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.87.014902DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevC.87.014902PublisherUNSPECIFIED
http://prc.aps.org/abstract/PRC/v87/i1/e014902PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2013 CERN, for the CMS Collaboration. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Received 6 April 2012; revised 5 November 2012; published 7 January 2013. We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research; the Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique, and Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek; the Brazilian Funding Agencies (CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP); the Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Youth, and Science; CERN; the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, and National Natural Science Foundation of China; the Colombian Funding Agency (COLCIENCIAS); the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education, and Sport; the Research Promotion Foundation, Cyprus; the Ministry of Education and Research, Recurrent Financing Contract No. SF0690030s09 and European Regional Development Fund, Estonia; the Academy of Finland, Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, and Helsinki Institute of Physics; the Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules/CNRS, and Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives/CEA, France; the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren, Germany; the General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece; the National Scientific Research Foundation, and National Office for Research and Technology, Hungary; the Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology, India; the Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Iran; the Science Foundation, Ireland; the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy; the Korean Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology and the World Class University program of NRF, Korea; the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences; the Mexican Funding Agencies (CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI); the Ministry of Science and Innovation, New Zealand; the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission; the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Centre, Poland; the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal; JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan); the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the Federal Agency of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research; the Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia; the Secretaría de Estado de Investigaciόn, Desarrollo e Innovaciόn and Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010, Spain; the Swiss Funding Agencies (ETH Board, ETH Zurich, PSI, SNF, UniZH, Canton Zurich, and SER); the National Science Council, Taipei; the Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, the Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology and National Electronics and Computer Technology Center; the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey, and Turkish Atomic Energy Authority; the Science and Technology Facilities Council, United Kingdom; the US Department of Energy, and the US National Science Foundation. Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie program and the European Research Council (European Union); the Leventis Foundation; the A. P. Sloan Foundation; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture (FRIA-Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports (MEYS) of Czech Republic; the Council of Science and Industrial Research, India; the Compagnia di San Paolo (Torino); and the HOMING PLUS programme of Foundation for Polish Science, cofinanced from European Union, Regional Development Fund.
Group:CMS@Caltech
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique and Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk OrderzoekUNSPECIFIED
CNPq (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
CAPES (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
FAPERJ (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
FAPESP (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Youth, and ScienceUNSPECIFIED
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology UNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
COLCIENCIAS (Colombia)UNSPECIFIED
Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sport UNSPECIFIED
Research Promotion Foundation, Cyprus UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Research SF0690030s09
European Regional Development Fund, EstoniaUNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, and Helsinki Institute of PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules/CNRSUNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives/CEAUNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, UNSPECIFIED
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren, Germany UNSPECIFIED
General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece UNSPECIFIED
National Scientific Research Foundation, and National Office for Research and Technology (Hungary) UNSPECIFIED
Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Iran UNSPECIFIED
Science Foundation IrelandUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and the World Class University Program of NRF (KOREA)UNSPECIFIED
Lithuanian Academy of Sciences UNSPECIFIED
CINVESTAV (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
CONACYT (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
SEP (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
UASLP-FAI (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Innovation, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Pakistan Atomic Energy CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Centre, PolandUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portugal)UNSPECIFIED
JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation UNSPECIFIED
Federal Agency of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation UNSPECIFIED
Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Serbia UNSPECIFIED
Secretaría de Estado de Investigaciόn, Desarrollo e Innovaciόn and Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010, SpainUNSPECIFIED
ETH Board UNSPECIFIED
ETH Zurich UNSPECIFIED
PSIUNSPECIFIED
SNFUNSPECIFIED
UniZH UNSPECIFIED
Canton Zurich UNSPECIFIED
SER UNSPECIFIED
National Science Council (Taipei)UNSPECIFIED
Thailand center of Excellence in PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology and National Electronics and Computer Technology CenterUNSPECIFIED
Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey and Turkish Atomic Energy AuthorityUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Marie-Curie programme and the European Research Council (European Union)UNSPECIFIED
Leventis Foundation UNSPECIFIED
A. P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Belgian Federal Science Policy OfficeUNSPECIFIED
Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’índustrie et dans l’Ágriculture (FRIA-Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports (MEYS) of Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Compagnia di San Paolo (Torino)UNSPECIFIED
HOMING PLUS programme of Foundation for Polish Science UNSPECIFIED
European UnionUNSPECIFIED
Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Classification Code:PACS: 25.75.Gz
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130211-074917866
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130211-074917866
Official Citation:Measurement of the elliptic anisotropy of charged particles produced in PbPb collisions at √sNN=2.76 TeV S. Chatrchyan et al. (CMS Collaboration) Published 7 January 2013 (34 pages) 014902
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36836
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:11 Feb 2013 17:22
Last Modified:23 Feb 2013 00:49

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