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Visual Statistical Learning Based on the Perceptual and Semantic Information of Objects

Otsuka, Sachio and Nishiyama, Megumi and Nakahara, Fumitaka and Kawaguchi, Jun (2013) Visual Statistical Learning Based on the Perceptual and Semantic Information of Objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, memory, and cognition, 39 (1). pp. 196-207. ISSN 0278-7393. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130215-085856011

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Abstract

Five experiments examined what is learned based on the perceptual and semantic information of objects in visual statistical learning (VSL). In the familiarization phase, participants viewed a sequence of line drawings and detected repetitions of various objects. In a subsequent test phase, they watched 2 test sequences (statistically related triplets vs. unrelated foils) and decided whether the first or second sequence was more familiar based on the familiarization phase. In Experiment 1A, the test sequences comprised line drawings; in Experiment 1B, they comprised word stimuli representing each line drawing. The results showed that performance for statistically related triplets was greater than chance. In Experiments 2 and 3 containing the forward ABC and backward CBA triplets in the test, the results showed the importance of temporal order, especially in line drawings. In Experiment 4, in which the forward triplets were pitted against the backward triplets, we showed that temporal order is still important for the expression of VSL with word stimuli. Finally, in Experiment 5, we replicated the results of Experiments 2 and 3 even with the images of visual objects. These results suggest the parallel processes on the visual features and semantic information of objects in VSL.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0028645DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/xlm/39/1/196.htmlPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2012 American Psychological Association. Received August 12, 2011. Revision received March 22, 2012. Accepted April 9, 2012. This article was published Online First June 11, 2012. This research was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:visual statistical learning, temporal order, object recognition, line drawings
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130215-085856011
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130215-085856011
Official Citation:Otsuka, S., Nishiyama, M., Nakahara, F., & Kawaguchi, J. (2013). Visual statistical learning based on the perceptual and semantic information of objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39(1), 196-207. doi:10.1037/a0028645
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36940
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:15 Feb 2013 19:20
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:43

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