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Saturn's atmospheric temperature structure and heat budget

Orton, Glenn S. and Ingersoll, Andrew P. (1980) Saturn's atmospheric temperature structure and heat budget. Journal of Geophysical Research A, 85 (A11). pp. 5871-5881. ISSN 0148-0227. doi:10.1029/JA085iA11p05871.

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The effective temperature of Saturn from 30°S to 10°N is 96.5 ± 2.5 K. This value is 1.9 K higher than our preliminary estimate (Ingersoll et al., 1980). The atmospheric mole fraction of H_2 relative to H_2 + He is 90 ± 3%. This value is derived by comparing infrared and radio occultation data (Kliore et al., this issue) for the same latitude. The high value of the effective temperature suggests that Saturn has an additional energy source besides cooling and contraction. The high mole fraction of H_2 suggests that separation of heavier He toward the core may be supplying the additional energy. Atmospheric temperatures in the 60- to 600-mbar range are 2.5 K lower within 7° of the equator than at higher latitudes. An almost isothermal layer exists between 60 and 160 mbar at all latitudes.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle ItemBook Chapter
Orton, Glenn S.0000-0001-7871-2823
Ingersoll, Andrew P.0000-0002-2035-9198
Additional Information:© 1980 by the American Geophysical Union. Received May 5, 1980; revised June 2, 1980; accepted June 3, 1980. The Pioneer project staff provided reliable support during all phases of the mission. J. D. Bennett, M. Schroeder, B. Schupler, and J. C. Ingersoll developed computer codes for analyzing the data. G. Munch, G. Neugebauer, and S.C. Chase presided at the creation of this simple but reliable instrument. R. A. Hanel provided a helpful review of the manuscript. We thank them all. The Editor thanks R. A. Hanel for his assistance in evaluating this paper.
Issue or Number:A11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130219-111640310
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Official Citation:Orton, G. S., and A. P. Ingersoll (1980), Saturn's atmospheric temperature structure and heat budget, J. Geophys. Res., 85(A11), 5871–5881, doi:10.1029/JA085iA11p05871
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:36982
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Feb 2013 23:42
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:26

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