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SPT-CL J0205–5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved Massive Galaxy Cluster in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Survey

Stalder, B. and Lueker, M. and Padin, S. and Shirokoff, E. and Vieira, J. D. (2013) SPT-CL J0205–5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved Massive Galaxy Cluster in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Survey. Astrophysical Journal, 763 (2). Art. No. 93. ISSN 0004-637X.

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The galaxy cluster SPT-CL J0205–5829 currently has the highest spectroscopically confirmed redshift, z = 1.322, in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey. XMM-Newton observations measure a core-excluded temperature of T_X = 8.7^(+1.0)_(–0.8) keV producing a mass estimate that is consistent with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich-derived mass. The combined SZ and X-ray mass estimate of M_(500) = (4.8 ± 0.8) × 10^(14) h^(–1)_(70) M_☉ makes it the most massive known SZ-selected galaxy cluster at z > 1.2 and the second most massive at z > 1. Using optical and infrared observations, we find that the brightest galaxies in SPT-CL J0205–5829 are already well evolved by the time the universe was <5 Gyr old, with stellar population ages ≳3 Gyr, and low rates of star formation (<0.5 M_☉ yr^(–1)). We find that, despite the high redshift and mass, the existence of SPT-CL J0205–5829 is not surprising given a flat ΛCDM cosmology with Gaussian initial perturbations. The a priori chance of finding a cluster of similar rarity (or rarer) in a survey the size of the 2500 deg^2 SPT-SZ survey is 69%.

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Additional Information:© 2013 American Astronomical Society. Received 2012 May 29; accepted 2012 November 4; published 2013 January 14. The South Pole Telescope program is supported by the National Science Foundation through grant ANT-0638937. Partial support is also provided by the NSF Physics Frontier Center grant PHY-0114422 to the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Kavli Foundation, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Galaxy cluster research at Harvard is supported by NSF grant AST-1009012. Galaxy cluster research at SAO is supported in part by NSF grants AST-1009649 and MRI-0723073. The McGill group acknowledges funding from the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Research Chairs program, and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. X-ray research at the CfA is supported through NASA Contract NAS 8-03060. The Munich group acknowledges support from the Excellence Cluster Universe and the DFG research program TR33. This work is based in part on observations obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope (PID 60099), which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech. Additional data were obtained with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopes located at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile and the Blanco 4 m Telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatories in Chile. R.J.F. is supported by a Clay Fellowship. B.A.B is supported by a KICP Fellowship, M. Bautz acknowledges support from contract 2834-MIT-SAO-4018 from the Pennsylvania State University to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. M.D. acknowledges support from an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, W.F. and C.J. acknowledge support from the Smithsonian Institution.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSF Physics Frontier CenterPHY-0114422
National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Canada Research Chairs programUNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced ResearchUNSPECIFIED
NASANAS 8-03060
Excellence Cluster UniverseUNSPECIFIED
DFG research program TR33UNSPECIFIED
Clay FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Pennsylvania State University2834-MIT-SAO-4018
Alfred P. Sloan Research FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Smithsonian InstitutionUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:early universe; galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J0205–5829); galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; large-scale structure of universe
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130222-131740719
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Official Citation:SPT-CL J0205–5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved Massive Galaxy Cluster in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Survey B. Stalder, J. Ruel, R. Šuhada, M. Brodwin, K. A. Aird, K. Andersson, R. Armstrong, M. L. N. Ashby, M. Bautz, M. Bayliss, G. Bazin, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, H. M. Cho, A. Clocchiatti, T. M. Crawford, A. T. Crites, T. de Haan, S. Desai, M. A. Dobbs, J. P. Dudley, R. J. Foley, W. R. Forman, E. M. George, D. Gettings, M. D. Gladders, A. H. Gonzalez, N. W. Halverson, N. L. Harrington, F. W. High, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, S. Hoover, J. D. Hrubes, C. Jones, M. Joy, R. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, J. Liu, M. Lueker, D. Luong-Van, A. Mantz, D. P. Marrone, M. McDonald, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, L. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, T. E. Montroy, S. S. Murray, T. Natoli, D. Nurgaliev, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, A. Rest, J. E. Ruhl, B. R. Saliwanchik, A. Saro, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, L. Shaw, E. Shirokoff, J. Song, H. G. Spieler, S. A. Stanford, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, K. Story, C. W. Stubbs, A. van Engelen, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, R. Williamson, O. Zahn, and A. Zenteno doi:10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/93
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37083
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:22 Feb 2013 21:45
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:44

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