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TriNet Strong-Motion Data from the M 7.1 Hector Mine, California, Earthquake of 16 October 1999

Graizer, Vladimir and Shakal, Anthony and Scrivner, Craig and Hauksson, Egill and Polet, Jasha and Jones, Lucy (2002) TriNet Strong-Motion Data from the M 7.1 Hector Mine, California, Earthquake of 16 October 1999. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92 (4). pp. 1525-1542. ISSN 0037-1106. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130226-102342193

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Abstract

The M_w 7.1 Hector Mine earthquake of October 16, 1999 was recorded by more than 300 stations of TriNet, which is administered cooperatively by the California Division of Mines and Geology's California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program (CDMG/CSMIP), California Institute of Technology, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The earthquake occurred in a remote part of the Mojave Desert, approximately 190 km northeast of downtown Los Angeles, and there were no strong-motion stations close to the surface rupture. The nearest station, Hector, is about 27 km north of the epicenter; it recorded a peak horizontal ground acceleration of 0.33g. The two next closest stations, Amboy and Joshua Tree, are to the east and south, both at epicentral distances of about 50 km; each recorded peak ground accelerations of about 0.2g. The new digital instruments installed for the TriNet project recorded a large set of reliable data at epicentral distances up to 275 km. These data can significantly improve empirical peak ground motion attenuation relationships, which are usually developed for distances only up to 100 km (Boore et al., 1993, 1997) because adequate data have not been available at greater distances. Hector Mine peak ground motions demonstrate reasonable agreement with empirical attenuation relationships for acceleration. In contrast, higher than expected ground velocities and displacements were recorded at epicentral distances of about 150 to 220 km, especially in the Los Angeles sedimentary basin, where anomalously high-amplitude displacements with periods of 6 to 7 sec were recorded in Los Angeles, Long Beach, and other areas. These long-period surface- or basin-generated waves can have significant effects on large structures. The M_w 7.3 Landers earthquake of 1992 similarly produced strong, long-period waves in the basin. The peak ground motions produced by the Landers earthquake were on average 1.6 times higher than for the Hector Mine earthquake in the Los Angeles area. Ground-motion data recorded by digital instruments were uniformly processed in the frequency band 0.067 to 46 Hz (0.022–15 sec). The processed data set includes records from 213 ground-response stations. In an effort to make strong-motion data available quickly to the engineering and scientific communities, important records from this event were made available by file transfer protocol (ftp) beginning the day of the earthquake.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1785/0120000925DOIArticle
http://bssa.geoscienceworld.org/content/92/4/1525PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Hauksson, Egill0000-0002-6834-5051
Jones, Lucy0000-0002-2690-3051
Additional Information:© 2002 by the Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 23 January 2001. The TriNet networks extend their appreciation to the individuals and organizations that have permitted and cooperated in the installation of seismic strong-motion equipment on their property. The records presented in this paper were made possible through the efforts of technicians who installed and maintained these stations. The authors thank Bill Bryant for providing a digital file of the surface rupture associated with the Hector Mine earthquake. The authors also thank Tianquing Cao for assistance in digitizing and data processing, and Jim Agnew and Hamid Haddadi for reviewing the manuscript. The manuscript benefited from comments of Michael Rymer and two anonymous reviewers.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130226-102342193
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130226-102342193
Official Citation:Vladimir Graizer, Anthony Shakal, Craig Scrivner, Egill Hauksson, Jasha Polet, and Lucy Jones TriNet Strong-Motion Data from the M 7.1 Hector Mine, California, Earthquake of 16 October 1999 Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, May 2002, v. 92, p. 1525-1542, doi:10.1785/0120000925
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37143
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Feb 2013 20:15
Last Modified:24 Feb 2020 10:30

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