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Life in Ice-Covered Oceans

Gaidos, Eric J. and Nealson, Kenneth H. and Kirschvink, Joseph L. (1999) Life in Ice-Covered Oceans. Science, 284 (5420). pp. 1631-1633. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.284.5420.1631.

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Recent reports that Jupiter's satellites Europa and Callisto may have ice-covered oceans have fueled speculation that they may be inhabited by living organisms. Gaidos et al. analyze the thermodynamic requirements for life on Europa by analogy with life on Earth today and during past "snowball" Earth episodes. They conclude that nearly all metabolic life-styles on the present Earth will be denied to organisms on Europa and indicate which types of organisms, if any, are most likely to be found there.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Gaidos, Eric J.0000-0002-5258-6846
Nealson, Kenneth H.0000-0001-5189-3732
Kirschvink, Joseph L.0000-0001-9486-6689
Additional Information:© 1999 American Association for the Advancement of Science. We thank Y. Yung and E. Shock for useful discussions.
Issue or Number:5420
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130226-131907471
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Official Citation:Life in Ice-Covered Oceans Eric J. Gaidos, Kenneth H. Nealson, and Joseph L. Kirschvink Science 4 June 1999: 284 (5420), 1631-1633. [DOI:10.1126/science.284.5420.1631]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37148
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Feb 2013 23:16
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:27

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