A Caltech Library Service

Towards a realistic simulation of plate margins in mantle convection

Zhong, Shijie and Gurnis, Michael (1995) Towards a realistic simulation of plate margins in mantle convection. Geophysical Research Letters, 22 (8). pp. 981-984. ISSN 0094-8276. doi:10.1029/95GL00782.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We have incorporated faults as plate margins into time-dependent mantle convection models by using a mixed Eulerian and Lagrangian finite element formulation. Plate margins in our models can migrate dynamically in response to variations in mantle buoyancy, and this enables us to study the dynamics of mantle and plates including changes in plate size. Convection models in a cylindrical geometry with such a faulted converging margin, non-Newtonian rheology, and continents indicate that the converging margin tends to migrate oceanward. The oceanward trench migration leads to an increase in the size of the overriding continental plate.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
Gurnis, Michael0000-0003-1704-597X
Additional Information:© 1995 by the American Geophysical Union. We would like to thank G. Houseman for suggesting the comparison with the analytic solution. Funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and NSF grant EAR-9496185. This is Contribution 5431 of the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences of the California Institute of Technology.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences5431
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130301-093142019
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37224
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:06 Mar 2013 17:11
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:27

Repository Staff Only: item control page