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Turbulent shear layers and wakes

Brown, Garry L. and Roshko, Anatol (2012) Turbulent shear layers and wakes. Journal of Turbulence, 13 (51). pp. 1-32. ISSN 1468-5248.

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This paper considers the lectures on turbulent shear layers and wakes presented and discussed at the Marseille meeting in 1961 and provides our perspective on progress in understanding the mechanics of these flows since that time. The initial discussion is based on the understanding in 1961 gained from prior work. Particular emphasis is then placed on the subsequent experimental revelation of the large-scale vortical structure (coherent structure) found to be essential to understanding the mechanics of the turbulent shear layer. Critical insight into the mechanics that determines the growth rate (the shear stress), for example, is provided by the Biot–Savart relationship. Conclusions are drawn from the experiments and some unresolved questions posed. This is followed by a discussion of plane wakes. Four regions of the plane wake are identified and experimental results on the large-scale structure are discussed. Again emphasis is placed on the vorticity and the vorticity fluxes that contribute directly to the derivative of the principal Reynolds stress. Results from numerical calculations offer new insights into the mechanics, especially through the vorticity and vorticity fluxes that could not previously be measured. For this case too, conclusions are drawn and outstanding questions posed.

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Additional Information:© 2012 Taylor & Francis. Received 10 April 2012; final version received 1 August 2012. Version of record first published: 08 Nov 2012. We gratefully acknowledge discussions during the preparation of this review with Professor Roddam Narasimha. We also thank Professors Parviz Moin and Ali Mani who made available the LES data from the simulation of the flow around a circular cylinder at Re = 10,000. Mark Lohry who manipulated the large data files and Saikishan Suryanarayanan who provided the unpublished point vortex simulations of the wake instability are very gratefully thanked. Discussions with Professor Gregoire Winckelmans, who provided unpublished results, and with Professor Tony Leonard are also gratefully acknowledged.
Subject Keywords:turbulent shear flows
Issue or Number:51
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130301-151223359
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Official Citation: Turbulent shear layers and wakes Garry L. Brown, Anatol Roshko Journal of Turbulence Vol. 13, 2012
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37256
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:01 Mar 2013 23:57
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:46

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