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The measurement of oxygen fugacities in flowing gas mixtures at temperatures below 1200°C

Beckett, J. R. and Mendybaev, R. A. (1997) The measurement of oxygen fugacities in flowing gas mixtures at temperatures below 1200°C. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61 (20). pp. 4331-4336. ISSN 0016-7037. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130305-110630403

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Abstract

We measured oxygen fugacities in H_2-CO_2 and CO-CO_2 gas mixtures in the temperature interval 700–1350°C using an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) oxygen sensor. At high temperatures in excess of 1200°C, measured emfs are consistent with expectations based on the gas composition. At lower temperatures in H_2-CO_2 gas mixtures, the oxygen fugacity (f_(O2)) obtained assuming Nernstian behavior of the oxygen sensor is as much as two log units more reducing (∼900°C) to one log unit more oxidizing (∼700°C) than expected by assuming equilibrium speciation. The deviations in H_2-CO_2 gas mixtures arise from two sources: (1) poor contact between the electrode and the zirconia electrolyte, leading to apparent f_(O2) values that are higher than expected and (2) disequilibrium in the vapor, leading to lower than expected f_(O2) values in the temperature range ∼700–1200°C (for experiments near the iron-wustite (IW) buffer) and higher than expected f_(O2) at lower temperatures. The first problem can be alleviated by spring-loading and lightly sintering a Pt mesh internal electrode against the electrolyte and the second by forcing the entire gas stream to equilibrate by passing it through a Pt catalyst. With these measures, experiments employing H_2-CO_2 gas mixtures can be conducted routinely in the temperature range 700–1200°C and the f_(O2) determined with an accuracy comparable to that obtained at higher temperatures (2σ < ±0.1 log units). Above ∼770°C, apparent oxygen fugacities measured using an oxygen sensor in CO-CO_2 gas mixtures near IW are consistent with equilibration in the vapor regardless of whether or not a Pt catalyst is present. At lower temperatures, however, the measured values are more oxidizing than the expected equilibrium values. Under more reducing conditions, the deviations begin to occur at even higher temperatures, ∼930°C for IW-3. The anomalously high f_(O2) values are probably related to the condensation of graphite, which removes C from the gas and generates a lower temperature limit for practical gas mixing experiments using CO-CO_2 gas mixtures.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00186-5DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703797001865PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. Received February 11, 1997; accepted in revised form May 5, 1997. Comments of L. Grossman and K. M. Nolan and the reviews of J. S. Huebner and G.C. Ulmer lead to significant improvements in the manuscript. This work was supported by NASA grants NAGW-3212 (to Lawrence Grossman) and NAG5-4318 (to Ed Stolper).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAGW-3212
NASANAG5-4318
Issue or Number:20
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130305-110630403
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130305-110630403
Official Citation:J.R. Beckett, R.A. Mendybaev, The measurement of oxygen fugacities in flowing gas mixtures at temperatures below 1200°C, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 61, Issue 20, October 1997, Pages 4331-4336, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00186-5. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703797001865)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37302
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:05 Mar 2013 19:22
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:46

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