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Helium diffusion from apatite: General behavior as illustrated by Durango fluorapatite

Farley, K. A. (2000) Helium diffusion from apatite: General behavior as illustrated by Durango fluorapatite. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 105 (B2). pp. 2903-2914. ISSN 0148-0227. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130311-150217210

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Abstract

High-precision stepped-heating experiments were performed to better characterize helium diffusion from apatite using Durango fluorapatite as a model system. At temperatures below 265°C, helium diffusion from this apatite is a simple, thermally activated process that is independent of the cumulative fraction of helium released and also of the heating schedule used. Across a factor of ∼4 in grain size, helium diffusivity scales with the inverse square of grain radius, implying that the physical grain is the diffusion domain. Measurements on crystallographically oriented thick sections indicate that helium diffusivity in Durango apatite is nearly isotropic. The best estimate of the activation energy for He diffusion from this apatite is E_a = 33±0.5 kcal/mol, with log(D_0) = 1.5±0.6 cm^2/s. The implied He closure temperature for a grain of 100 μm radius is 68°C assuming a 10°C/Myr cooling rate; this figure varies by ±5°C for grains ranging from 50 to 150 μm radius. When this apatite is heated to temperatures from 265 to 400°C, a progressive and irreversible change in He diffusion behavior occurs: Both the activation energy and frequency factor are reduced. This transition in behavior coincides closely with progressive annealing of radiation damage in Durango apatite, suggesting that defects and defect annealing play a role in the diffusivity of helium through apatite.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JB900348DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/1999JB900348/abstractPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2000 American Geophysical Union. Manuscript Accepted: 30 September 1999; Manuscript Received: 29 June 1999. I wish to thank G. Rossman for extensive discussions of apatite mineralogy and for assisting with the DTA and TG measurements, and L. Hedges for sample preparation. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation.
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Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130311-150217210
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130311-150217210
Official Citation:Farley, K. A. (2000), Helium diffusion from apatite: General behavior as illustrated by Durango fluorapatite, J. Geophys. Res., 105(B2), 2903–2914, doi:10.1029/1999JB900348.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37451
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:11 Mar 2013 23:07
Last Modified:23 Sep 2014 21:16

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