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Shepherding of the Uranian rings. I. Kinematics

Porco, Carolyn C. and Goldreich, Peter (1987) Shepherding of the Uranian rings. I. Kinematics. Astronomical Journal, 93 (3). pp. 724-729. ISSN 0004-6256. doi:10.1086/114354.

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We identify several orbital resonances involving the newly discovered satellites, 1986U7 and 1986U8, and the Uranian rings. The most important resonances in eccentric rings are known as eccentric reson­ances and are generalizations of the more familiar Lindblad resonances. In keeping with the notation established for Lindblad resonances, we distinguish inner and outer eccentric resonances by the symbols IER and OER. We show that by reducing the absolute radius scale of the Uranian ring system by 0.0124% the 24:25 OER of 1986U7 and the 14:13 IER of 1986U8 fall at the inner and outer edges of the Є ring. The same scale change also brings the 23:22 IER of 1986U7 into coincidence with the outer edge of the δ ring and the 6:5 IER of 1986U8 close to the center of the γ ring. Furthermore, adopting the latest Voyager value of GM_u and our reduced radius scale, we find that the pattern speed of the m = 2 distortion in the δ ring corresponds to that expected for a normal mode excited either by an internal viscous overstability or parametrically by shepherd satellites. These kinematic results make a compel­ ling case for our proposed reduction in the ring radius scale and also imply that 1986U7 and 1986U8 are the inner and outer shepherds for the Є ring, that 1986U7 is the outer shepherd for the δ ring, and that 1986U8 is an outer shepherd for the γ ring.

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Additional Information:© 1987 American Astronomical Society. Received 7 October 1986. We are grateful to W. Owen and S. Synnott for providing their results on satellite orbital elements in advance of publi­cation. We thank the staff of the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics at the University of Toronto, where part of this research was conducted, for their generous hospitality. This work was supported under JPL Contract No. 954057, NASA grant NGL-05-002-003, and NSF grant AST-8313725.
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Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130313-075058984
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Official Citation:Shepherding of the Uranian rings. I - Kinematics. II - Dynamic Porco, C. C. & Goldreich, P. Astronomical Journal vol. 93, March 1987, p. 724-737.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:37483
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:13 Mar 2013 15:56
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:29

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