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Exsolution of metallic copper from Lake County labradorite

Hofmeister, Anne M. and Rossman, George R. (1985) Exsolution of metallic copper from Lake County labradorite. Geology, 13 (9). pp. 644-647. ISSN 0091-7613. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130422-104306009

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Abstract

Some gem-quality labradorite phenocrysts in Miocene basaltic lava from Lake County, Oregon, have a pink schiller due to metallic copper; some have a transparent red or green color. The copper content of the crystals varies systematically with color: pale-yellow labradorite sections have 0–40 ppm CuO; greens have about 100 ppm CuO; reds have 150 to 200 ppm CuO; schiller-bearing laths have 80 to 300 ppm CuO. The variation of Cu content among different crystals is primary and reflects a variation in magma chemistry during plagioclase fractionation. Similarity of absorption spectra of the red zones to that of copper-ruby color in glass shows that the red arises from the intrinsic absorption of colloidal Cu^0 particles that are too small to scatter light (<22 nm). Particle size depends on Cu content because the temperature at which copper begins to exsolve from the feldspar increases with Cu content and the higher temperatures promote diffusion. At 900 to 1100 °C the reduction of Cu is controlled by reactions in the basalt that keep f_(O_2) near the QFM buffer. The green color may be caused by either Cu^(1+)/Cu^0 IVCT or Cu^0 pairs.


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ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Rossman, George R.0000-0002-4571-6884
Additional Information:© 1985 by Geological Society of America. Manuscript received February 27, 1985; Revised manuscript received June 3, 1985; Manuscript accepted June 10, 1985. Supported by National Science Foundation Grants EAR-8212540 and EAR-7904801. We thank E. B. Gray, Robert Rodgers, and Dave Walker for donating samples. R. Rodgers kindly gave us a tour of his sunstone claim and shared his observations on the geology. We thank P.R. Buseck and J. Konnert for the TEM results and R. E. Criss for making oxygen-isotope measurements. R. Koski, B. Marsh, and P. Ribbe made helpful comments on the manuscript. California Institute of Technology Contribution No. 3999.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-8212540
NSFEAR-7904801
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130422-104306009
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130422-104306009
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ID Code:38062
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Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:22 Apr 2013 23:23
Last Modified:06 Feb 2017 21:24

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