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An update on color in gems. Part I: Introduction and colors caused by dispersed metal ions

Fritsch, Emmanuel and Rossman, George R. (1987) An update on color in gems. Part I: Introduction and colors caused by dispersed metal ions. Gems and Gemology, 23 (3). pp. 126-139. ISSN 0016-626X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130430-103432405

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Abstract

Studies concerning the origin of color in gem materials have grown in sophistication in recent years, so that much new information is now available about natural color and its possible modification by various treatment processes. This three-part series of articles reviews our current understanding of gemstone coloration. The first part summarizes the factors that govern the perception of color, from the source of light to the human eye, and then examines in detail the role of one color-causing agent, dispersed metal ions, in the coloration of many gem materials, including ruby and emerald. The second part will explore charge-transfer phenomena and color centers as the cause of color in gems such as blue sapphire and Maxixe beryl. The series will conclude with colors that can be explained using band theory and physical optics, such as the play-of-color in opal and the blue sheen of moonstone feldspars.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.5741/GEMS.23.3.126DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.gia.edu/doi/10_5741-GEMS_23_3_126PublisherUNSPECIFIED
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Rossman, George R.0000-0002-4571-6884
Additional Information:© 1987 Gemological Institute of America. E.F wishes to thank Professor Georges Calas, of the University of Paris VII, for his support in writing the original French version of this article. Special appreciation is due to Pat Gray for typing and correcting the "French accent" of the original manuscript. Thanks to Laurel Bartlett, John Hummel, and James Shigley for their constructive comments.
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130430-103432405
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130430-103432405
Official Citation:Fritsch, Emmanuel and Rossman, George R. (1987) An update on color in gems. Part I: Introduction and colors caused by dispersed metal ions. Gems and Gemology, 23 . pp. 126-139.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:38180
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 May 2013 22:22
Last Modified:26 Nov 2019 11:15

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