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Dielectric constants of BaO and melilites and the oxide additivity rule

Shannon, Robert D. and Iishi, Kazuaki and Allik, Toomas H. and Rossman, George R. and Liebertz, Josef (1992) Dielectric constants of BaO and melilites and the oxide additivity rule. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4 (6). pp. 1241-1249. ISSN 0935-1221. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130502-102431085

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Abstract

The constant-stress "free" dielectric constants and dissipation factors of BaO and a series of X_2YZ_2O_7 melilites were measured at 1 MHz using a two-terminal method and empirically determined edge corrections. The results are: BaO K = 31.1 Ca_2MgSi_2O_7 K^T_a = 11.83 K^T_c = 7.97 Ca_2CoSi_2O_7 K^T_a = 12.44 K^T_c = 9.00 Ca_2ZnSi_2O_7 K^T_a = 12.03 K^T_c = 8.21 Sr_2CoSi_2O_7 K^T_a = 8.93 K^T_c = 6.87 Ba_2MgGe_2O_7:Nd,Ce = K^T_a = K^T_c= 7.51. The discrepancies between measured dielectric polarizabilities as determined from the Clausius-Mosotti equation and those calculated from the sum of oxide polarizabilities according to ɑ_D(X_2YZ_2O_7) = 2 ɑ_D(XO) + ɑ_D(YO) + 2 α_D(Z0_2) are + 13.6 to + 16.0% for Ca-containing melilites, + 6.1% for Sr_2CoSi_2O_7 and + 1.0% for Ba_(1.92)Nd_(0.04)Ce_(0.04)MgGe_2O_7. The deviations from additivity in the Ca- and Sr-melilites are believed to result from structural misfit between the alkaline earth X ion and the YZ_2O_7 layers which leads to rattling X ions.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://eurjmin.geoscienceworld.org/content/4/6.tocPublisherUNSPECIFIED
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Rossman, George R.0000-0002-4571-6884
Additional Information:© 1992 E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Received 18 November 1991. Accepted 27 February 1992. We thank R.W. Shiffer for sample preparation, R.A. Oswald for making the capacitance measurements, M.A. Subramanian for helpful discussions, L.F. Lardear and R.H. Harlow for crystal orientation and single crystal data from BaO, C. Foris for Guinier photographs and obtaining cell dimensions, and J.T. Armstrong (California Inst. Technology, Pasadena, CA) for microprobe data. This work was supported in part by National Science Foundation Grant EAR-86-18200.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-86-18200
Subject Keywords:melilites, dielectric constants, dielectric polarizabilities, oxide additivity rule, Clausius-Mosotti equation.
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130502-102431085
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130502-102431085
Official Citation: Robert D. Shannon, Kazuaki Iishi, Toomas H. Allik, George R. Rossman, and Josef Liebertz Dielectric constants of BaO and melilites and the oxide additivity rule Eur J Mineral, December 1992, v. 4, p. 1241-1249
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:38233
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:02 May 2013 17:55
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:55

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