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The high temperature behavior of water and carbon dioxide in cordierite and beryl

Aines, Roger D. and Rossman, George R. (1984) The high temperature behavior of water and carbon dioxide in cordierite and beryl. American Mineralogist, 69 (3-4). pp. 319-327. ISSN 0003-004X.

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We have studied the behavior of molecular water and carbon dioxide in the channels of cordierite and beryl at temperatures up to 900°C using high temperature infrared spectroscopy. Above 400°C water that is structurally bound in the channels begins partitioning into an unbound state with the characteristics of a gas. The process is fully reversible and involves both type I and type II water in both minerals. Dehydration occurs after most of the water is in this unbound state, and channel cations are no longer coordinated by the type II water molecules. These cations can then move to the wall of the channel or be expelled from the channel, opening the channel for dehydration of the water contained in it. This behavior is contrasted with that of muscovite, in which the hydroxide shows no change in speciation and only slight changes in its spectroscopic properties at temperatures below the dehydration point. CO_2 in the channels of cordierite does not undergo major changes in bonding at high temperatures. Although all the water in the cordierite was released, about 40% of the CO_2 remained after heating to 800°C. Heating to 900°C was required to expel all CO_2. This is indicative of the tighter wedging of CO_2 in the channels. Because of an equilibrium among type I, type II, and unbonded gas-like water at high temperature, the concentration of type I alone serves as an indicator of the water fugacity. The type II concentration only responds to the number of channel cations and need not be considered in water fugacity calculations. Cordierites with greater numbers of channel cations will effectively close to re-equilibration at higher temperatures, making them more suitable as indicators of water and carbon dioxide fugacity.

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Rossman, George R.0000-0002-4571-6884
Additional Information:© 1984 Mineralogical Society of America. Manuscript received, March 3, 1983; accepted for publication, September 20, 1983. We would like to thank R. H. Currier for the cordierite, W. Johannes and W. Schreyer for providing analyzed samples of synthetic cordierite and for helpful discussions concerning the use of cordierite as a petrogenetic indicator, and E. M. Stolper for a critical review. This work was funded in part by NSF Grant EAR 79-19987.
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NSFEAR 79-19987
Issue or Number:3-4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130514-091355834
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Official Citation: Roger D. Aines and George R. Rossman The high temperature behavior of water and carbon dioxide in cordierite and beryl American Mineralogist, April 1984, v. 69, p. 319-327
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:38480
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:14 May 2013 16:26
Last Modified:26 Nov 2019 11:15

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