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Geographic Variation of Rare Earth Fractionations in Plutonic Rocks Across the Peninsular Ranges Batholith, Southern California

Gromet, L. Peter and Silver, Leon T. (1977) Geographic Variation of Rare Earth Fractionations in Plutonic Rocks Across the Peninsular Ranges Batholith, Southern California. Transactions - American Geophysical Union, 58 (6). p. 532. ISSN 0002-8606. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130514-135353772

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Abstract

Rare earth element patterns of plutonic rocks (chondrite- normolized) across the Peninsular Ranges batholith vary systematically west to east, transverse to the long axis and structural trends and parallel to known asymmetries in petrologic, geochronologic, and Sr isotopic properties. The abundant tonolites in the western region are characterized by slight light REE enrichment relative to heavy REE. Eastward, patterns become more highly fractionated, showing light REE enrichment and heavy REE depletion. The slope of patterns at any geographic location are largely independent of rock type. However, locally, certain silica- saturated and undersaturated gabbros may show divergent trends. The relative fractionation among the middle and heavy REE indicates differentiation processes involving the observed major phases such as hornblende and plagioclase are not important in producing the basic geographic trends. They may be reflected in more local lithologic variations. The pronounced geographic zonation in REE character correlates strongly with Sr concentration, suggesting a common mechanism for their origin. The systematic nature of these fractionations, their correlation with previously reported Sr isotopic data, and their lock of correlation with lithology, argues against significant upper-crustal contamination with old cratonic components. These features appear to originate in heterogeneous deep-seated sources whose sampling has been selectively activated at a convergent plate boundary.


Item Type:Article
Alternate Title:Geographic Variation of Rare Earth Fractionations in Plutonic Rocks Across Peninsular Ranges Batholith, Southern California
Additional Information:© 1977 American Geophysical Union.
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130514-135353772
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130514-135353772
Official Citation:Gromet, L. P., and L. T. Silver. "Geographic variation of rare earth fractionations in plutonic rocks across the Peninsular Ranges Batholith, southern California." Eos 58 (1977): 532.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:38504
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:15 May 2013 14:38
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 04:57

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