A Caltech Library Service

Disk-related Bursts and Fades in Young Stars

Findeisen, Krzysztof and Hillenbrand, Lynne and Ofek, Eran and Levitan, David and Sesar, Branimir and Laher, Russ and Surace, Jason (2013) Disk-related Bursts and Fades in Young Stars. Astrophysical Journal, 768 (1). Art. No. 93. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/768/1/93.

PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


We present first results from a new, multiyear, time domain survey of young stars in the North America Nebula complex using the Palomar Transient Factory. Our survey is providing an unprecedented view of aperiodic variability in young stars on timescales of days to years. The analyzed sample covers R_(PTF) ≈ 13.5-18 and spans a range of mid-infrared color, with larger-amplitude optical variables (exceeding 0.4 mag root mean squared) more likely to have mid-infrared evidence for circumstellar material. This paper characterizes infrared excess stars with distinct bursts above or fades below a baseline of lower-level variability, identifying 41 examples. The light curves exhibit a remarkable diversity of amplitudes, timescales, and morphologies, with a continuum of behaviors that cannot be classified into distinct groups. Among the bursters, we identify three particularly promising sources that may represent theoretically predicted short-timescale accretion instabilities. Finally, we find that fading behavior is approximately twice as common as bursting behavior on timescales of days to years, although the bursting and fading duty cycle for individual objects often varies from year to year.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Ofek, Eran0000-0002-6786-8774
Sesar, Branimir0000-0002-0834-3978
Laher, Russ0000-0003-2451-5482
Surace, Jason0000-0001-7291-0087
Additional Information:© 2013 American Astronomical Society. Received 2012 December 21; accepted 2013 March 13; published 2013 April 17. We thank Asaaf Horesh, Kunal Mooley, and Yi Cao for acquiring a spectrum of FHO 7 for us, Gregory Herczeg for reducing the HYDRA and Norris spectroscopic data, Susan Tokarz for reducing the Hectospec data, and Evan Kirby for helping us with the DEIMOS pipeline. We thank the anonymous referee for several comments that improved our presentation. We also thank John Carpenter and Nairn Baliber for much helpful discussion and suggestions for tests to run, and Luisa Rebull for providing us with a copy of the Spitzer data. This paper uses data products produced by the OIR Telescope Data Center, supported by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. Facilities: PO:1.2m (P48 Survey Camera), Keck:II (DEIMOS), MMT (Hectospec), WIYN (HYDRA), Hale (Norris)
Group:Palomar Transient Factory, Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Smithsonian Astrophysical ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:stars: late-type; stars: pre-main sequence; stars: solar-type; stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130604-132233198
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Disk-related Bursts and Fades in Young Stars Krzysztof Findeisen, Lynne Hillenbrand, Eran Ofek, David Levitan, Branimir Sesar, Russ Laher, and Jason Surace doi:10.1088/0004-637X/768/1/93
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:38784
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:04 Jun 2013 20:36
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:39

Repository Staff Only: item control page