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Design and Fabrication of 90 GHz TES Polarimeter Detectors for the South Pole Telescope

Yefremenko, V. and Lucker, M. and Padin, S. and Shirokoff, E. and Vieira, J. (2013) Design and Fabrication of 90 GHz TES Polarimeter Detectors for the South Pole Telescope. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23 (3). Art. No. 2100605. ISSN 1051-8223. doi:10.1109/TASC.2012.2235892.

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We present information about the design and fabrication of 90 GHz Transition Edge Sensor (TES) detectors deployed in the SPTpol camera for investigation of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization signal. The 90 GHz portion of the camera consists of 180 individual feedhorn modules with dual polarization-sensitive detectors. We discuss microfabrication details and the characterization of detector elements. Each detector incorporates a dipole-like Pd-Au absorber and Mo/Au TES thermometer, suspended together on a rectangular silicon nitride (SiN) membrane via 6 long (640 μm) and narrow (10 μm) legs. The geometry of the SiN legs was optimized to provide the target thermal conductance of 200 pW/K in combination with mechanical robustness and reliability. The proximity effect in superconductor (Mo) and normal metal (Au) bilayers was utilized to obtain a TES operating temperature between 520 and 540 mK. Excellent superconducting properties (transition width <; 1 mK) and Tc uniformity (<; 3 mK) across 2 '' wafers were achieved by sputtering in a confocal system under a single vacuum using an independent RF bias applied to the substrate. Superconducting Nb dots patterned on the TES surface provided controllable broadening of the transition width. We report the results of transition measurements, along with characterization of film morphology.

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Additional Information:© 2012 IEEE. Manuscript received October 8, 2012; accepted December 16, 2012. Date of publication December 24, 2012; date of current version January 25, 2013. Date of Publication: June 2013. The work at Argonne National Laboratory, including the use of facility at the Center for Nanoscale Materials, was supported by the Office of Science and Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The work at the University of Chicago was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant ANT-0638937 and the NSF Physics Frontier Center Grant PHY-1125897. It also receives generous support from the Kavli Foundation and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy SciencesDE-AC02-06CH11357
NSF Physics Frontier CenterPHY-1125897
Kavli FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Gordon Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:CMB polarimetry, low temperature detectors, PACS: 07.57.Kp, superconducting bolometer, transition edge sensor.
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INSPEC Accession Number13255764
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20130621-124941702
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Official Citation:efremenko, V.; Ade, P.; Aird, K.; Austermann, J.; Beall, J.; Becker, D.; Benson, B.; Bleem, L.; Britton, J.; Chang, C.L.; Carlstrom, J.; Cho, H.; de Haan, T.; Crawford, T.; Crites, A.; Datesman, A.; Dobbs, M.; Everett, W.; Ewall-Wice, A.; George, E.; Halverson, N.; Harrington, N.; Henning, J.; Hilton, G.; Holzapfel, W.; Hoover, S.; Hubmayr, J.; Irwin, K.; Keisler, R.; Kennedy, J.; Lee, A.; Leitch, E.; Li, D.; Lueker, M.; Marrone, D.P.; McMahon, J.; Mehl, J.; Meyer, S.; Montgomery, J.; Montroy, T.; Natoli, T.; Nibarger, J.; Niemack, M.; Novosad, V.; Padin, S.; Pryke, C.; Reichardt, C.; Ruhl, J.; Saliwanchik, B.; Sayre, J.; Schafer, K.; Shirokoff, E.; Story, K.; Vanderlinde, K.; Vieira, J.; Wang, G.; Williamson, R.; Yoon, K.W.; Young, E., "Design and Fabrication of 90 GHz TES Polarimeter Detectors for the South Pole Telescope," Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on , vol.23, no.3, pp.2100605,2100605, June 2013 doi: 10.1109/TASC.2012.2235892
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:39028
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:21 Jun 2013 20:16
Last Modified:09 Nov 2021 23:41

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